Tracking Animal Migration With Stable Isotopes

Download full Tracking Animal Migration With Stable Isotopes books PDF, EPUB, Tuebl, Textbook, Mobi or read online Tracking Animal Migration With Stable Isotopes anytime and anywhere on any device. Get free access to the library by create an account, fast download and ads free.

Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes

Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes
  • Author : Keith A. Hobson,Leonard I. Wassenaar
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2018-09-13
  • Total pages :268
  • ISBN : 0128147245
GET BOOK

Summary : Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes, Second Edition, provides a complete introduction to new and powerful isotopic tools and applications that track animal migration, reviewing where isotope tracers fit in the modern toolbox of tracking methods. The book provides background information on a broad range of migration scenarios in terrestrial and aquatic systems and summarizes the most cutting-edge developments in the field that are revolutionizing the way migrant individuals and populations are assigned to their true origins. It allows undergraduates, graduate students and non-specialist scientists to adopt and apply isotopes to migration research, and also serves as a useful reference for scientists. The new edition thoroughly updates the information available to the reader on current applications of this technique and provides new tools for the isotopic assignment of individuals to origins, including geostatistical multi-isotope approaches and the ways in which researchers can combine isotopes with routine data in a Bayesian framework to provide best estimates of animal origins. Four new chapters include contributions on applications to the movements of terrestrial mammals, with particular emphasis on how aspects of animal physiology can influence stable isotope values. Includes an animal physiology component that is an in-depth overview of the cautions and caveats related to this technique Covers marine and aquatic isoscapes and methods to track marine organisms for researchers trying to apply isotopic tracking to animals in these environments Features state-of-the-art statistical treatments for assignment and combining diverse datasets

Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes

Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2008-04-09
  • Total pages :160
  • ISBN : 9780080559261
GET BOOK

Summary : Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes provides a consolidated overview of the current knowledge of stable isotopes in terrestrial migration research questions. It offers ecologists and conservation biologists provide a practical handbook for those considering using stable isotopes in their migration research. Presents information for readers to understand how to apply isotopic methods for tracking Critical information on areas for future research Practical guidelines and discussions of sample collection, sample preparation, and data analysis Enhanced understanding of data and statistical analysis in isotope-based studies of migratory animals

Stable Isotopes to Trace Migratory Birds and to Identify Harmful Diseases

Stable Isotopes to Trace Migratory Birds and to Identify Harmful Diseases
  • Author : G.J. Viljoen,A.G. Luckins,I. Naletoski
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2016-06-22
  • Total pages :49
  • ISBN : 3319282980
GET BOOK

Summary : This manuscript discusses the potentials of the approaches as mentioned below to monitor the AIVs in WMW. Molecular diagnostic platforms enable for accurate detection of the AIVs in the feces of infected birds. Similar technologies can be used to determine the bird species through DNA barcoding, enabling non-invasive research on the epidemiology of the disease. Wild migratory waterfowl (WMW) play significant role in the transmission of avian influenza viruses (AIVs) on large distances. Understanding bird migrations may therefore significantly contribute towards understanding of the disease epidemiology, however most conventional approaches to trace WMW migrations are based on capturing, tagging (mostly ringing or GPS devices) and their re-capturing to link the departure and arrival places. Stable isotope ratios in metabolically inert tissues (feathers, beaks, claws) reflect the ratios present at the point of intake (drinking or feeding), thus enabling for tracing bird origins at stopover places. Molecular diagnostic platforms such as the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) enable for accurate detection of the AIVs in the feces of infected birds. Similar technologies (genetic sequencing) can be used to determine the bird species through DNA barcoding. Simple and easy collection of feather and fecal samples at the stopover places may generate a full information package on which species of WMW carries the AIVs (PCR+DNA barcoding on the feces), as well as the origin of these species (SI+DNA barcoding on the feathers). Therefore, such approaches enable for research on the epidemiology and the ecology of the AIVs in WMW using a non-invasive platform, which does not require capturing of WMW. This manuscript discusses the potentials of these approaches to monitor the AIVs in WMW. p>

Isoscapes

Isoscapes
  • Author : Jason B. West,Gabriel J. Bowen,Todd E. Dawson,Kevin P. Tu
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2009-11-25
  • Total pages :487
  • ISBN : 9789048133543
GET BOOK

Summary : Stable isotope ratio variation in natural systems reflects the dynamics of Earth systems processes and imparts isotope labels to Earth materials. Carbon isotope ratios of atmospheric CO2 record exchange of carbon between the biosphere and the atmosphere; the incredible journeys of migrating monarchs is documented by hydrogen isotopes in their wings; and water carries an isotopic record of its source and history as it traverses the atmosphere and land surface. Through these and many other examples, improved understanding of spatio-temporal isotopic variation in Earth systems is leading to innovative new approaches to scientific problem-solving. This volume provides a comprehensive overview of the theory, methods, and applications that are enabling new disciplinary and cross-disciplinary advances through the study of "isoscapes": isotopic landscapes. "This impressive new volume shows scientists deciphering and using the natural isotope landscapes that subtly adorn our spaceship Earth.", Brian Fry, Coastal Ecology Institute, Louisiana State University, USA "An excellent timely must read and must-have reference book for anybody interested or engaged in applying stable isotope signatures to questions in e.g. Anthropology, Biogeochemistry, Ecology, or Forensic Science regarding chronological and spatial movement, changes, or distribution relating to animals, humans, plants, or water.", Wolfram Meier-Augenstein, Centre for Anatomy & Human Identification, University of Dundee, UK "Natural resources are being affected by global change, but exactly where, how, and at what pace? Isoscapes provide new and remarkably precise answers.", John Hayes, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, USA "This exciting volume is shaping a new landscape in environmental sciences that is utilizing the remarkable advances in isotope research to enhance and extend the capabilities of the field.", Dan Yakir, Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel

Stable Isotope Ecology

Stable Isotope Ecology
  • Author : Brian Fry
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2007-01-15
  • Total pages :308
  • ISBN : 9780387337456
GET BOOK

Summary : A solid introduction to stable isotopes that can also be used as an instructive review for more experienced researchers and professionals. The book approaches the use of isotopes from the perspective of ecological and biological research, but its concepts can be applied within other disciplines. A novel, step-by-step spreadsheet modeling approach is also presented for circulating tracers in any ecological system, including any favorite system an ecologist might dream up while sitting at a computer. The author’s humorous and lighthearted style painlessly imparts the principles of isotope ecology. The online material contains color illustrations, spreadsheet models, technical appendices, and problems and answers.

Animal Migration

Animal Migration
  • Author : Ben Hoare
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :176
  • ISBN : 9780520258235
GET BOOK

Summary : This guide explores the mysteries of animal migration over land, through oceans, and by air. With more than 300 color photographs, maps, and illustrations, it covers every continent as it traces the routes of some 50 remarkable migrations -- including those of polar bears, wildebeest, hummingbirds, iguanas, and sharks. The author describes the navigation, reproduction, and feeding strategies of these animals and discusses migrations that stand out for their extraordinary challenges, such as those that take animals unthinkable distances across hostile territory. This book also includes a catalog of migration hot spots around the world -- places where the planet's greatest animal voyages can be observed.

North American Monarch Butterfly Ecology and Conservation

North American Monarch Butterfly Ecology and Conservation
  • Author : Jay E. Diffendorfer,Wayne E. Thogmartin,Ryan G. Drum
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2020-10-23
  • Total pages :422
  • ISBN : 2889661180
GET BOOK

Summary :

Conservation Physiology

Conservation Physiology
  • Author : Christine L. Madliger,Craig E. Franklin,Oliver P. Love,Steven J. Cooke
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2020-11-30
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 0198843615
GET BOOK

Summary : This novel textbook provides the first consolidated overview of the scope, purpose, and applications of conservation physiology with a focus on wildlife. It outlines the major avenues and advances by which the field is contributing to the monitoring, management, and restoration of wild animal populations.

The Avian Migrant

The Avian Migrant
  • Author : John H. Rappole
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2013-06-11
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 0231518633
GET BOOK

Summary : The purpose of migration, regardless of the distance involved, is to exploit two or more environments suitable for survival or reproduction over time, usually on a seasonal basis. Yet individual organisms can practice the phenomenon differently, and birds deploy unique patterns of movement over particular segments of time. Incorporating the latest research on bird migration, this concise, critical assessment offers contemporary readers a firm grasp of what defines an avian migrant, how the organism came to be, what is known about its behavior, and how we can resolve its enduring mysteries. John H. Rappole's sophisticated survey of field data clarifies key ecological, biological, physiological, navigational, and evolutionary concerns. He begins with the very first migrants, who traded a home environment of greater stability for one of greater seasonality, and uses the structure of the annual cycle to examine the difference between migratory birds and their resident counterparts. He ultimately connects these differences to evolutionary milestones that have shaped a migrant lifestyle through natural selection. Rather than catalogue and describe various aspects of bird migration, Rappole considers how the avian migrant fits within a larger ecological frame, enabling a richer understanding of the phenomenon and its critical role in sustaining a hospitable and productive environment. Rappole concludes with a focus on population biology and conservation across time periods, considering the link between bird migration and the spread of disease among birds and humans, and the effects of global warming on migrant breeding ranges, reaction norms, and macroecology.

Forensic Science and Humanitarian Action

Forensic Science and Humanitarian Action
  • Author : Roberto C. Parra,Sara C. Zapico,Douglas H. Ubelaker
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2020-01-22
  • Total pages :896
  • ISBN : 111948202X
GET BOOK

Summary : Widens traditional concepts of forensic science to include humanitarian, social, and cultural aspects Using the preservation of the dignity of the deceased as its foundation, Forensic Science and Humanitarian Action: Interacting with the Dead and the Living is a unique examination of the applications of humanitarian forensic science. Spanning two comprehensive volumes, the text is sufficiently detailed for forensic practitioners, yet accessible enough for non-specialists, and discusses both the latest technologies and real-world interactions. Arranged into five sections, this book addresses the ‘management of the dead’ across five major areas in humanitarian forensic science. Volume One presents the first three of these areas: History, Theory, Practice, and Legal Foundation; Basic Forensic Information to Trace Missing Persons; and Stable Isotopes Forensics. Topics covered include: Protection of The Missing and the Dead Under International Law Social, Cultural and Religious Factors in Humanitarian Forensic Science Posthumous Dignity and the Importance in Returning Remains of the Deceased The New Disappeared – Migration and Forensic Science Stable Isotope Analysis in Forensic Anthropology Volume Two covers two further areas of interest: DNA Analysis and the Forensic Identification Process. It concludes with a comprehensive set of case studies focused on identifying the deceased, and finding missing persons from around the globe, including: Forensic Human Identification from an Australian Perspective Skeletal Remains and Identification Processing at the FBI Migrant Deaths along the Texas/Mexico Border Humanitarian Work in Cyprus by The Committee on Missing Persons (CMP) Volcán De Fuego Eruption – Natural Disaster Response from Guatemala Drawing upon a wide range of contributions from respected academics working in the field, Forensic Science and Humanitarian Action is a unique reference for forensic practitioners, communities of humanitarian workers, human rights defenders, and government and non-governmental officials.

Stable Isotopes in Ecology and Environmental Science

Stable Isotopes in Ecology and Environmental Science
  • Author : Robert Michener,Kate Lajtha
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2008-04-15
  • Total pages :592
  • ISBN : 0470691174
GET BOOK

Summary : This book highlights new and emerging uses of stable isotope analysis in a variety of ecological disciplines. While the use of natural abundance isotopes in ecological research is now relatively standard, new techniques and ways of interpreting patterns are developing rapidly. The second edition of this book provides a thorough, up-to-date examination of these methods of research. As part of the Ecological Methods and Concepts series which provides the latest information on experimental techniques in ecology, this book looks at a wide range of techniques that use natural abundance isotopes to: follow whole ecosystem element cycling understand processes of soil organic matter formation follow the movement of water in whole watersheds understand the effects of pollution in both terrestrial and aquatic environments study extreme systems such as hydrothermal vents follow migrating organisms In each case, the book explains the background to the methodology, looks at the underlying principles and assumptions, and outlines the potential limitations and pitfalls. Stable Isotopes in Ecology and Environmental Science is an ideal resource for both ecologists who are new to isotopic analysis, and more experienced isotope ecologists interested in innovative techniques and pioneering new uses.

Canadian Journal of Zoology

Canadian Journal of Zoology
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2013-07
  • Total pages :329
  • ISBN :
GET BOOK

Summary :

Far from Land

Far from Land
  • Author : Michael Brooke
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2020-09
  • Total pages :280
  • ISBN : 0691210322
GET BOOK

Summary : The lives and activities of seabirds as you've never seen them before Seabirds evoke the spirit of the earth's wildest places. They spend large portions of their lives at sea, often far from land, and nest on remote islands that humans rarely visit. Thanks to increasingly sophisticated and miniaturized devices that can track their every movement and behavior, it is now possible to observe the mysterious lives of these remarkable creatures as never before. This book takes you on a breathtaking journey around the globe to provide an extraordinary up-close look at the activities of seabirds. Featuring stunning illustrations by renowned artist Bruce Pearson, Far from Land reveals that seabirds are not the aimless wind-tossed wanderers they may appear to be, and explains the observational innovations that are driving this exciting area of research.

Food Forensics

Food Forensics
  • Author : James F. Carter,Lesley A. Chesson
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2017-07-28
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 1351647687
GET BOOK

Summary : Food forensics is a multi-disciplinary science involving advanced analytical techniques, plant and animal metabolism, and sophisticated data interpretation tools. This book explains how plants, and in turn animals eating those plants, assimilate stable isotopes and trace elements from their environments. It provides extensive reviews of the use of stable isotope and trace element measurements for the authentication of major food groups and how these can be used to detect fraudsters. The book emphasises the use of correct methods for sample preparation and measurement so that data can be compared to existing datasets, with a dedicated chapter discussing interpretations.

Isotopic Landscapes in Bioarchaeology

Isotopic Landscapes in Bioarchaeology
  • Author : Gisela Grupe,George C. McGlynn
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2016-03-10
  • Total pages :238
  • ISBN : 3662483394
GET BOOK

Summary : This work takes a critical look at the current concept of isotopic landscapes ("isoscapes") in bioarchaeology and its application in future research. It specifically addresses the research potential of cremated finds, a somewhat neglected bioarchaeological substrate, resulting primarily from the inherent osteological challenges and complex mineralogy associated with it. In addition, for the first time data mining methods are applied. The chapters are the outcome of an international workshop sponsored by the German Science Foundation and the Centre of Advanced Studies at the Ludwig-Maximilian-University in Munich. Isotopic landscapes are indispensable tracers for the monitoring of the flow of matter through geo/ecological systems since they comprise existing temporally and spatially defined stable isotopic patterns found in geological and ecological samples. Analyses of stable isotopes of the elements nitrogen, carbon, oxygen, strontium, and lead are routinely utilized in bioarchaeology to reconstruct biodiversity, palaeodiet, palaeoecology, palaeoclimate, migration and trade. The interpretive power of stable isotopic ratios depends not only on firm, testable hypotheses, but most importantly on the cooperative networking of scientists from both natural and social sciences. Application of multi-isotopic tracers generates isotopic patterns with multiple dimensions, which accurately characterize a find, but can only be interpreted by use of modern data mining methods.

Stable Isotope Ecology

Stable Isotope Ecology
  • Author : Brian Fry
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2007-01-15
  • Total pages :308
  • ISBN : 9780387337456
GET BOOK

Summary : A solid introduction to stable isotopes that can also be used as an instructive review for more experienced researchers and professionals. The book approaches the use of isotopes from the perspective of ecological and biological research, but its concepts can be applied within other disciplines. A novel, step-by-step spreadsheet modeling approach is also presented for circulating tracers in any ecological system, including any favorite system an ecologist might dream up while sitting at a computer. The author’s humorous and lighthearted style painlessly imparts the principles of isotope ecology. The online material contains color illustrations, spreadsheet models, technical appendices, and problems and answers.

Storm-petrels & Bulwer's Petrel

Storm-petrels & Bulwer's Petrel
  • Author : Bob Flood,Ashley Fisher,Ian Lewington
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2015-02-01
  • Total pages :226
  • ISBN : 0956886736
GET BOOK

Summary : Highly acclaimed and a classic title in its field. Innovative new concept to identification of seabirds essential to all birders. Endorsed by world leading experts Peter Harrison, Steve N. G. Howell, Killian Mullarney, and Hadoram Shirihai. The first in a series on the identification of North Atlantic seabirds – also covering adjacent seas and the Western Palearctic. Revised edition. Comprehensive guide to storm-petrels, including the confusion species Bulwer's Petrel. The only guides with the depth of information needed to identify the more tricky species. Thorough cross-comparison of all species/taxa covered. Original and highly detailed text, over 140 photographs, 41 stunning illustrations by Ian Lewington, and 11 large format range maps. Two support DVDs available via hyperlink contain at sea footage of all species. Species covered: White-faced Storm-petrel, Wilson's Storm-petrel, European Storm-petrel, Black-bellied Storm-petrel, White-bellied Storm-petrel, Band-rumped Storm-petrel, Leach's Storm-petrel, Swinhoe's Storm-petrel, Matsudaira's Storm-petrel, and Bulwer's Petrel.

Birds of Two Worlds

Birds of Two Worlds
  • Author : Russell Greenberg,Peter P. Marra
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2005-05-02
  • Total pages :466
  • ISBN : 9780801881077
GET BOOK

Summary : For centuries biologists have tried to understand the underpinnings of avian migration: where birds go and why, why some migrate and some do not, how they adapt to a changing environment, and how migratory systems evolve. Twenty-five years ago the answers to many of these questions were addressed by a collection of migration experts in Keast and Morton's classic work Migrant Birds in the Neotropics. In 1992, Hagan and Johnston published a follow-up book, Ecology and Conservation of Neotropical Migrant Landbirds. In Birds of Two Worlds Russell Greenberg and Peter Marra bring together the world's experts on avian migration to discuss its ecology and evolution. The contributors move the discussion of migration to a global stage, looking at all avian migration systems and delving deeper into the evolutionary foundations of migratory behavior. Readers interested in the biology, behavior, ecology, and evolution of birds have waited a decade to see a worthy successor to the earlier classics. Birds of Two Worlds will complete the trilogy and become indispensable for ornithologists, evolutionary biologists, serious birders, and public and academic libraries.

Strontium Isotope Geology

Strontium Isotope Geology
  • Author : G. Faure,J. L. Powell
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :189
  • ISBN : 3642653677
GET BOOK

Summary : Since the end of World War II isotope geology has grown into a diversi fied and complex discipline in the earth sciences. It has progressed by the efforts of a relatively small number of specialists, many of whom are physi cists, chemists, or mathematicians who were attracted to the earth sciences by the opportunity to measure and to interpret the isotopic compositions of certain chemical elements in geological materials. The phenomenal growth of isotope geology during the last 25 years is an impressive indi cation of the success of their efforts. We have now entered into a new phase of development of isotope geology which emphasizes the application of the new tools to the solution of specific problems in the earth and planetary sciences. This requires the active participation of a new breed of geologists who understand the nature and complexity of geological problems and can work toward their solution by a thoughtful application of the principles of isotope geology. It is there fore necessary to explain these principles to earth scientists at large to enable them to make use of the new information which isotope geology can offer them.

Dragonflies

Dragonflies
  • Author : Philip S. Corbet
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2004-01-01
  • Total pages :830
  • ISBN : 9789004278608
GET BOOK

Summary : This outstanding monograph presents a critical review of information, published and unpublished, worldwide, on the behaviour and ecology of dragonflies in all stages of the life cycle for both physical and biotic environments. Information about tropical and temperate species in functional and evolutionary contexts is skilfully integrated and facts and ideas are reviewed in the context of current biological thinking. The book includes more than 4,000 bibliographical entries, and concludes with indexes to authors, taxa and subjects. Unrevised Brill edition. Originally published with imprint Harley Books, ISBN 9780946589777