Railway Noise And Vibration

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Railway Noise and Vibration

Railway Noise and Vibration
  • Author : David Thompson
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2008-12-11
  • Total pages :536
  • ISBN : 9780080914435
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Summary : Railways are an environmentally friendly means of transport well suited to modern society. However, noise and vibration are key obstacles to further development of the railway networks for high-speed intercity traffic, for freight and for suburban metros and light-rail. All too often noise problems are dealt with inefficiently due to lack of understanding of the problem. This book brings together coverage of the theory of railway noise and vibration with practical applications of noise control technology at source to solve noise and vibration problems from railways. Each source of noise and vibration is described in a systematic way: rolling noise, curve squeal, bridge noise, aerodynamic noise, ground vibration and ground-borne noise, and vehicle interior noise. Theoretical modelling approaches are introduced for each source in a tutorial fashion Practical applications of noise control technology are presented using the theoretical models Extensive examples of application to noise reduction techniques are included Railway Noise and Vibration is a hard-working reference and will be invaluable to all who have to deal with noise and vibration from railways, whether working in the industry or in consultancy or academic research. David Thompson is Professor of Railway Noise and Vibration at the Institute of Sound and Vibration Research, University of Southampton. He has worked in the field of railway noise since 1980, with British Rail Research in Derby, UK, and TNO Institute of Applied Physics in the Netherlands before moving to Southampton in 1996. He was responsible for developing the TWINS software for predicting rolling noise. Discusses fully the theoretical background and practical workings of railway noise Includes the latest research findings, brought together in one place Forms an extended case study in the application of noise control techniques

Noise and Vibration from High-speed Trains

Noise and Vibration from High-speed Trains
  • Author : Victor V. Krylov
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :435
  • ISBN : 9780727729637
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Summary : During the past decade, high-speed railways have become one of the most advanced and fast-developing branches of transportation. Unfortunately, when train speeds increase, the intensity of railway-generated noise and vibration generally become higher, presenting major environmental problems. Since operating train speeds are gradually increasing in all countries and this trend is likely to continue in the future, the knowledge and understanding of possible noise and vibration effects is vital to undertake possible mitigation measures. Noise and vibration from high-speed trains is a definitive reference work on this subject covering the numerous theoretical and practical questions that need to be answered. This comprehensive new book provides the reader with the most recent experimental data, combining, informative illustrations and authoritative information. It represents in one volume the views of leading international experts on the problem of noise and vibration from high-speed trains and suggests possible ways of reducing its environmental impact.Noise and vibration from high-speed trains is essential reading for all scientists and engineers working on prediction and remediation of railway noise and vibration. It is written specifically for environmental consultants, local authorities and designers of new railway lines and will also be an invaluable reference tool for university students and anybody concerned with topical environmental issues.

Noise and Vibration Mitigation for Rail Transportation Systems

Noise and Vibration Mitigation for Rail Transportation Systems
  • Author : Jens C.O. Nielsen,David Anderson,Pierre-Etienne Gautier,Masanobu Iida,James T. Nelson,David Thompson,Thorsten Tielkes,David A. Towers,Paul de Vos
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2014-11-05
  • Total pages :717
  • ISBN : 3662448327
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Summary : The book reports on the 11th International Workshop on Railway Noise, held on 9 – 13 September, 2013, in Uddevalla, Sweden. The event, which was jointly organized by the Competence Centre Chalmers Railway Mechanics (CHARMEC) and the Departments of Applied Mechanics and Applied Acoustics at Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg, Sweden, covered a broad range of topics in the field of railway noise and vibration, including: prospects, legal regulations and perceptions; wheel and rail noise; prediction, measurements and monitoring; ground-borne vibration; squeal noise and structure-borne noise; and aerodynamic noise generated by high-speed trains. Further topics included: resilient track forms; grinding, corrugation and roughness; and interior noise and sound barriers. This book, which consists of a collection of peer-reviewed papers originally submitted to the workshop, not only provides readers with an overview of the latest developments in the field, but also offers scientists and engineers essential support in their daily efforts to identify, understand and solve a number of problems related to railway noise and vibration, and to achieve their ultimate goal of reducing the environmental impact of railway systems.

Noise and Vibration Mitigation for Rail Transportation Systems

Noise and Vibration Mitigation for Rail Transportation Systems
  • Author : Tatsuo Maeda,Pierre-Etienne Gautier,Carl Hanson,Brian Hemsworth,James Nelson,Burkhard Schulte-Werning,David Thompson,Paul Vos
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2011-10-30
  • Total pages :584
  • ISBN : 4431539271
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Summary : This volume contains the contributions to the 10th International Workshop on Railway Noise, held October 18–22, 2010, in Nagahama, Japan, organized by the Railway Technical Research Institute (RTRI), Japan. With 11 sessions and 3 poster sessions, the workshop featured presentations by international leaders in the field of railway noise and vibration. All subjects relating to 1. prospects, legal regulation, and perception; 2. wheel and rail noise; 3. structure-borne noise and squeal noise; 4. ground-borne vibration; 5. aerodynamic noise and micro-pressure waves from tunnel portals; 6. interior noise and sound barriers; and 7. prediction, measurements, and monitoring are addressed here. This book is a useful “state-of-the-art” reference for scientists and engineers involved in solving environmental problems of railways.

Noise and Vibration Mitigation for Rail Transportation Systems

Noise and Vibration Mitigation for Rail Transportation Systems
  • Author : David Anderson,Pierre-Etienne Gautier,Masanobu Iida,James T. Nelson,David J. Thompson,Thorsten Tielkes,David A. Towers,Paul de Vos,Jens C. O Nielsen
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2018-05-19
  • Total pages :780
  • ISBN : 3319734113
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Summary : This book reports on the 12th International Workshop on Railway Noise held on 12-16 September 2016 at Terrigal, Australia. It gathers peer-reviewed papers describing the latest developments in rail noise and vibration, as well as state-of-the-art reviews by distinguished experts in the field. The papers cover a broad range of rail noise topics including wheel squeal, policy, regulation and perception, wheel and rail noise, predictions, measurements and monitoring, interior noise, rail roughness, corrugation and grinding, high speed rail and aerodynamic noise, and structure-borne noise, ground-borne vibration and resilient track forms. It offers an essential reference-guide to both scientists and engineers in their daily efforts to identify, understand and solve a number of problems related to railway noise and vibration, and to achieve their ultimate goal of reducing the environmental impact of railway systems.

Noise and Vibration Mitigation for Rail Transportation Systems

Noise and Vibration Mitigation for Rail Transportation Systems
  • Author : Burkhard Schulte-Werning,David Thompson,Pierre-Etienne Gautier,Carl Hanson,Brian Hemsworth,James Nelson,Tatsuo Maeda,Paul de Vos
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2008-05-15
  • Total pages :462
  • ISBN : 354074892X
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Summary : This volume contains the contributions to the 9th International Workshop on Railway Noise, held Sept 04-08, 2007, in Munich, Germany. The workshop featured lectures by international leaders in the field of railway noise and vibration. All subjects relating to railway noise as noise sources (rolling noise, aerodynamic noise, bridge noise, sonic boom), prediction tools and theoretical models, new noise reduction, technology as well as ground-borne vibration are tackled.

Railway Noise and Vibration

Railway Noise and Vibration
  • Author : David Thompson
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2016-12-01
  • Total pages :608
  • ISBN : 9780124104891
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Summary : Railway Noise and Vibration provides a complete overview of the state-of-the-art in rail noise and vibration theory and modeling. The book describes each source of noise and vibration—rolling noise, curve squeal, bridge noise, aerodynamic noise, ground vibration and ground-borne noise, and vehicle interior noise—in a systematic way, covering relevant theoretical modelling approaches and their practical applications, with extensive examples of noise control technology applied at source. Noise and vibration are key obstacles to further development of railway networks worldwide for high-speed intercity traffic, for freight and for suburban metros and light-rail. With noise problems all too often dealt with inefficiently due to lack of understanding of the problem, Railway Noise and Vibration is an invaluable reference for all those working with noise and vibration from railways, whether in industry, consultancy or academic research. Discusses fully the theoretical background and practical workings of railway noise, summarizing the latest research and key findings from recent decades in one concise resource. Updated with new prediction models and methods, including more detail on determining ground vibration. Now expanded to include more data and examples relating to railways across the United States and Asia, in addition to thorough coverage of Europe and Japan.

Urban Transport Systems

Urban Transport Systems
  • Author : Hamid Yaghoubi
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2017-01-18
  • Total pages :240
  • ISBN : 9535128736
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Summary : This book contains a collection of latest research developments on the urban transportation systems. It describes rail transit systems, subways, bus rapid transit (BRT) systems, taxicabs, automobiles, etc. This book also studies the technical parameters and provides a comprehensive overview of the significant characteristics for urban transportation systems, including energy management systems, wireless communication systems, operations and maintenance systems, transport serviceability, environmental problems and solutions, simulation, modelling, analysis, design, safety and risk, standards, traffic congestion, ride quality, air quality, noise and vibration, financial and economic aspects, pricing strategies, etc. This professional book as a credible source can be very applicable and useful for all professors, researchers, students, experienced technical professionals, practitioners and others interested in urban transportation systems.

Advanced Applications in Acoustics, Noise and Vibration

Advanced Applications in Acoustics, Noise and Vibration
  • Author : Frank Fahy,John Walker
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2018-09-03
  • Total pages :656
  • ISBN : 1482289083
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Summary : Advanced Applications in Acoustics, Noise and Vibration provides comprehensive and up-to-date overviews of knowledge, applications and research activities in a range of topics that are of current interest in the practice of engineering acoustics and vibration technology. The thirteen chapters are grouped into four parts: signal processing, acoustic modelling, environmental and industrial acoustics, and vibration. Following on from its companion volume Fundamentals of Noise and Vibration this book is based partly on material covered in a selection of elective modules in the second semester of the Masters programme in 'Sound and Vibration Studies' of the Institute of Sound and Vibration Research at the University of Southampton, UK and partly on material presented in the annual ISVR short course 'Advanced Course in Acoustics, Noise and Vibration'.

Handbook of Noise and Vibration Control

Handbook of Noise and Vibration Control
  • Author : Malcolm J. Crocker
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2007-10-05
  • Total pages :1569
  • ISBN : 0471395994
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Summary : Two of the most acclaimed reference works in the area of acoustics in recent years have been our Encyclopedia of Acoustics, 4 Volume set and the Handbook of Acoustics spin–off. These works, edited by Malcolm Crocker, positioned Wiley as a major player in the acoustics reference market. With our recently published revision of Beranek & Ver′s Noise and Vibration Control Engineering, Wiley is a highly respected name in the acoustics business. Crocker′s new handbook covers an area of great importance to engineers and designers. Noise and vibration control is one largest areas of application of the acoustics topics covered in the successful encyclopedia and handbook. It is also an area that has been under–published in recent years. Crocker has positioned this reference to cover the gamut of topics while focusing more on the applications to industrial needs. In this way the book will become the best single source of need–to–know information for the professional markets.

Fundamentals of Sound and Vibration

Fundamentals of Sound and Vibration
  • Author : Frank Fahy,David Thompson
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2016-04-25
  • Total pages :516
  • ISBN : 1482266636
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Summary : A Solid Introduction to Sound and Vibration: No Formal Background Needed This Second Edition of Fundamentals of Sound and Vibration covers the physical, mathematical and technical foundations of sound and vibration at audio frequencies. It presents Acoustics, vibration, and the associated signal processing at a level suitable for graduate students or practicing engineers with having no prior formal training in the field. The book is a coherent textbook based on the first semester of the master’s program in Sound and Vibration Studies at the internationally acclaimed Institute of Sound and Vibration Research at the University of Southampton. New in the Second Edition: The latest edition has been extensively revised and updated, with a new introductory chapter and new chapters on the measurement of sound and vibration. Other chapters include fundamentals of acoustics, fundamentals of vibration, signal processing, noise control, human response to sound and human response to vibration; many of these have been substantially revised. Example problems and answers for self-study are included. The revised text: Offers a brief summary on the importance of sound and vibration Considers the vibration of mechanical structures, ranging from simple SDOF models to continuous systems Highlights the aspects of signal processing commonly used for data analysis Addresses engineering noise control, and more Fundamentals of Sound and Vibration, Second Edition provides you with broad coverage of sound, vibration and signal processing in a single volume, and serves as a reference for both graduate students and practicing engineers.

Fundamentals of Noise and Vibration Analysis for Engineers

Fundamentals of Noise and Vibration Analysis for Engineers
  • Author : M. P. Norton,D. G. Karczub
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2003-10-16
  • Total pages :631
  • ISBN : 9780521499132
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Summary : Extensively updated edition of Norton's classic text on noise and vibration for students, researchers and engineers.

Handbook of Railway Vehicle Dynamics

Handbook of Railway Vehicle Dynamics
  • Author : Simon Iwnicki
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2006-05-22
  • Total pages :552
  • ISBN : 1420004891
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Summary : Understanding the dynamics of railway vehicles, and indeed of the entire vehicle-track system, is critical to ensuring safe and economical operation of modern railways. As the challenges of higher speed and higher loads with very high levels of safety require ever more innovative engineering solutions, better understanding of the technical issues a

Train-induced Groundborne Vibration and Noise in Buildings

Train-induced Groundborne Vibration and Noise in Buildings
  • Author : Osama A. B. Hassan
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :537
  • ISBN : 9780906522431
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Summary : A comprehensive survey of the vibration and noise produced by trains and their interactions with standing structures is presented in this study, and the constraints and challenges of building near, around, and above railroads are addressed in detail. The wide range of situations addressed makes this volume ideal for mechanical, civil, and structural engineers and students.

Railway Traffic Noise

Railway Traffic Noise
  • Author : Matias Ringheim,Hugo Lyse Nielsen,Nordic Council Of Ministers Staff
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :65
  • ISBN : 9789291208371
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Summary :

Design and Simulation of Rail Vehicles

Design and Simulation of Rail Vehicles
  • Author : Maksym Spiryagin,Colin Cole,Yan Quan Sun,Mitchell McClanachan,Valentyn Spiryagin,Tim McSweeney
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2014-05-13
  • Total pages :337
  • ISBN : 1466575662
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Summary : Keep Up with Advancements in the Field of Rail Vehicle Design A thorough understanding of the issues that affect dynamic performance, as well as more inventive methods for controlling rail vehicle dynamics, is needed to meet the demands for safer rail vehicles with higher speed and loads. Design and Simulation of Rail Vehicles examines the field of rail vehicle design, maintenance, and modification, as well as performance issues related to these types of vehicles. This text analyzes rail vehicle design issues and dynamic responses, describes the design and features of rail vehicles, and introduces methods that address the operational conditions of this complex system. Progresses from Basic Concepts and Terminology to Detailed Explanations and Techniques Focused on both non-powered and powered rail vehicles—freight and passenger rolling stock, locomotives, and self-powered vehicles used for public transport—this book introduces the problems involved in designing and modeling all types of rail vehicles. It explores the applications of vehicle dynamics, train operations, and track infrastructure maintenance. It introduces the fundamentals of locomotive design, multibody dynamics, and longitudinal train dynamics, and discusses co-simulation techniques. It also highlights recent advances in rail vehicle design, and contains applicable standards and acceptance tests from around the world. • Includes multidisciplinary simulation approaches • Contains an understanding of rail vehicle design and simulation techniques • Establishes the connection between theory and many simulation examples • Presents simple to advanced rail vehicle design and simulation methodologies Design and Simulation of Rail Vehicles serves as an introductory text for graduate or senior undergraduate students, and as a reference for practicing engineers and researchers investigating performance issues related to these types of vehicles.

Noise Mapping in the EU

Noise Mapping in the EU
  • Author : Gaetano Licitra
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2012-09-06
  • Total pages :442
  • ISBN : 0203848128
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Summary : Noise mapping is the first tool to effectively assess noise exposure, communicating information to citizens, and defining effective action plans for protecting citizens from high noise levels and preserving quiet areas in urban European Community environments. Indeed, strategic noise maps are now required in the European Union for all population ce

Technology for a Quieter America

Technology for a Quieter America
  • Author : National Academy of Engineering,Committee on Technology for a Quieter America
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2010-10-30
  • Total pages :210
  • ISBN : 0309156327
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Summary : Exposure to noise at home, at work, while traveling, and during leisure activities is a fact of life for all Americans. At times noise can be loud enough to damage hearing, and at lower levels it can disrupt normal living, affect sleep patterns, affect our ability to concentrate at work, interfere with outdoor recreational activities, and, in some cases, interfere with communications and even cause accidents. Clearly, exposure to excessive noise can affect our quality of life. As the population of the United States and, indeed, the world increases and developing countries become more industrialized, problems of noise are likely to become more pervasive and lower the quality of life for everyone. Efforts to manage noise exposures, to design quieter buildings, products, equipment, and transportation vehicles, and to provide a regulatory environment that facilitates adequate, cost-effective, sustainable noise controls require our immediate attention. Technology for a Quieter America looks at the most commonly identified sources of noise, how they are characterized, and efforts that have been made to reduce noise emissions and experiences. The book also reviews the standards and regulations that govern noise levels and the federal, state, and local agencies that regulate noise for the benefit, safety, and wellness of society at large. In addition, it presents the cost-benefit trade-offs between efforts to mitigate noise and the improvements they achieve, information sources available to the public on the dimensions of noise problems and their mitigation, and the need to educate professionals who can deal with these issues. Noise emissions are an issue in industry, in communities, in buildings, and during leisure activities. As such, Technology for a Quieter America will appeal to a wide range of stakeholders: the engineering community; the public; government at the federal, state, and local levels; private industry; labor unions; and nonprofit organizations. Implementation of the recommendations in Technology for a Quieter America will result in reduction of the noise levels to which Americans are exposed and will improve the ability of American industry to compete in world markets paying increasing attention to the noise emissions of products.

Railway Ecology

Railway Ecology
  • Author : Luís Borda-de-Água,Rafael Barrientos,Pedro Beja,Henrique Miguel Pereira
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2017-09-18
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 3319574965
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Summary : This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This book provides a unique overview of the impacts of railways on biodiversity, integrating the existing knowledge on the ecological effects of railways on wildlife, identifying major knowledge gaps and research directions and presenting the emerging field of railway ecology. The book is divided into two major parts: Part one offers a general review of the major conceptual and theoretical principles of railway ecology. The chapters consider the impacts of railways on wildlife populations and concentrate on four major topics: mortality, barrier effects, species invasions and disturbances (ranging from noise to chemical pollution). Part two focuses on a number of case studies from Europe, Asia and North America written by an international group of experts.

Interim Guideline

Interim Guideline
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2019
  • Total pages :19
  • ISBN :
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Summary : This interim guideline is a standard which provides assessment criteria for operational noise and vibration emissions generated by rolling stock operating on a railway or railway tracks on other rail infrastructure. The guideline also provides guidance on appropriate measurement and modelling methodologies to be used when preparing a noise and/or vibration assessment report for rolling stock operating on a railway, or railway tracks on other rail infrastructure.