Natural Gas Hydrates

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Natural Gas Hydrates in Flow Assurance

Natural Gas Hydrates in Flow Assurance
  • Author : Carolyn Ann Koh,Amadeu Sum
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2010-10-12
  • Total pages :224
  • ISBN : 9781856179461
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Summary : With millions of kilometres of onshore and offshore oil and gas pipelines in service around the world, pipelines are the life’s blood of the world. Notorious for disrupting natural gas production or transmission, the formation of natural gas hydrates can cost a company hundreds of millions and lead to catastrophic equipment breakdowns and safety and health hazards. Written by an international group of experts, Natural Gas Hydrates in Flow Assurance provide an expert overview of the practice and theory in natural gas hydrates, with applications primarily in flow assurance. Compact and easy to use, the book provides readers with a wealth of materials which include the key lessons learned in the industry over the last 20 years. Packed with field case studies, the book is designed to provide hands-on training and practice in calculating hydrate phase equilibria and plug dissociation. In addition readers receive executable programs to calculate hydrate thermodynamics. Case studies of hydrates in flow assurance The key concepts underlying the practical applications An overview of the state of the art flow assurance industrial developments

Natural Gas Hydrates

Natural Gas Hydrates
  • Author : John J. Carroll
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :270
  • ISBN : 9780750675697
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Summary : This is the most exhaustive study to date on natural gas hydrates. In spite of their importance, hydrates are misunderstood, and misconceptions abound. This book provides an accurate review of what hydrates are and under what conditions they will form, and it provides the engineer with the methods to predict the occurrences of hydrates. The petroleum industry spends millions every year to combat the formation of hydrates, the solid, crystalline compounds that form from water and small molecules, damaging equipment and plugging transmission lines. Understanding how, when, and where they form and using this knowledge to apply remedies in practical applications are crucial. * The most comprehensive study of natural gas hydrates * A manual for the engineer or textbook for the student * Contains cutting-edge solutions to natural gas hydrate problems

Natural Gas Hydrates

Natural Gas Hydrates
  • Author : Yuguang Ye,Changling Liu
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2012-09-11
  • Total pages :404
  • ISBN : 3642311008
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Summary : “Natural Gas Hydrates: Experimental Techniques and Their Applications” attempts to broadly integrate the most recent knowledge in the fields of hydrate experimental techniques in the laboratory. The book examines various experimental techniques in order to provide useful parameters for gas hydrate exploration and exploitation. It provides experimental techniques for gas hydrates, including the detection techniques, the thermo-physical properties, permeability and mechanical properties, geochemical abnormalities, stability and dissociation kinetics, exploitation conditions, as well as modern measurement technologies etc. This book will be of interest to experimental scientists who engage in gas hydrate experiments in the laboratory, and is also intended as a reference work for students concerned with gas hydrate research. Yuguang Ye is a distinguished professor of Experimental Geology at Qingdao Institute of Marine Geology, China Geological Survey, China. Professor Changling Liu works at the Qingdao Institute of Marine Geology, China Geological Survey, China.

Hydrates of Natural Gas

Hydrates of Natural Gas
  • Author : I͡Uriĭ Fedorovich Makogon
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :1981
  • Total pages :237
  • ISBN :
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Natural Gas Hydrates

Natural Gas Hydrates
  • Author : John Carroll
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2009-07-10
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 9780080570020
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Summary : The petroleum industry spends millions of dollars every year to combat the formation of hydrates-the solid, crystalline compounds that form from water and small molecules-that cause problems by plugging transmission lines and damaging equipment. They are a problem in the production, transmission and processing of natural gas, and it is even possible for them to form in the reservoir itself if the conditions are favorable. Natural Gas Hydrates is written for the field engineer working in the natural gas industry. This book explains how, when and where hydrates form, while providing the knowledge necessary to apply remedies in practical applications. New to the second edition, the use of new inhibitors: Kinetic Inhibitors and Anticoagulants and the topic of kinetics of hydrates. How fast do they form? How fast do they melt? New chapters on Hydrates in Nature, hydrates on the seafloor and a new section has also been added regarding the misconceptions about water dew points. Chapters on Hydrate Types and Formers, Computer Methods, Inhibiting Hydrate Formation with Chemicals, Dehydration of Natural Gas and Phase Diagrams Hydrate Dehydration of Natural Gas and Phase Diagrams have been expanded and updated along with the companion website. * Understand what gas hydrates are, how they form and what can be done to combat their formation * Avoid the same problems BP experienced with clogged pipelines * Presents the four most common approaches to evaluate hydrates: heat, depressurization, inhibitor chemicals, and dehydration.

Gas Hydrates and Their Relation to the Operation of Natural-gas Pipe Lines

Gas Hydrates and Their Relation to the Operation of Natural-gas Pipe Lines
  • Author : W. M. Deaton,E. M. Frost
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :1949
  • Total pages :101
  • ISBN :
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Natural Gas Hydrates

Natural Gas Hydrates
  • Author : John L. Cox
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :1983
  • Total pages :125
  • ISBN :
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Methane Gas Hydrate

Methane Gas Hydrate
  • Author : Ayhan Demirbas
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2010-02-28
  • Total pages :186
  • ISBN : 1848828721
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Summary : Gas hydrates represent one of the world’s largest untapped reservoirs of energy and, according to some estimates, have the potential to meet global energy needs for the next thousand years. "Methane Gas Hydrate" examines this potential by focusing on methane gas hydrate, which is increasingly considered a significant source of energy. "Methane Gas Hydrate" gives a general overview of natural gas, before delving into the subject of gas hydrates in more detail and methane gas hydrate in particular. As well as discussing methods of gas production, it also discusses the safety and environmental concerns associated with the presence of natural gas hydrates, ranging from their possible impact on the safety of conventional drilling operations to their influence on Earth’s climate. "Methane Gas Hydrate" is a useful reference on an increasingly popular energy source. It contains valuable information for chemical engineers and researchers, as well as for postgraduate students.

Gas Hydrates 2

Gas Hydrates 2
  • Author : Livio Ruffine,Daniel Broseta,Arnaud Desmedt
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2018-06-19
  • Total pages :382
  • ISBN : 1786302217
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Summary : Gas hydrates in their natural environment and for potential industrial applications (Volume 2).

Economic Geology of Natural Gas Hydrate

Economic Geology of Natural Gas Hydrate
  • Author : Michael D. Max,Arthur H. Johnson,William P. Dillon
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2006-07-09
  • Total pages :343
  • ISBN : 1402039727
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Summary : This book is a companion to “Natural Gas Hydrate in Oceanic and Permafrost Environments” (Max, 2000, 2003), which is the first book on gas hydrate in this series. Although other gases can naturally form clathrate hydrates (referred to after as ‘hydrate’), we are concerned here only with hydrocarbon gases that form hydrates. The most important of these natural gases is methane. Whereas the first book is a general introduction to the subject of natural gas hydrate, this book focuses on the geology and geochemical controls of gas hydrate development and on gas extraction from naturally occurring hydrocarbon hydrates. This is the first broad treatment of gas hydrate as a natural resource within an economic geological framework. This book is written mainly to stand alone for brevity and to minimize duplication. Information in Max (2000; 2003) should also be consulted for completeness. Hydrate is a type of clathrate (Sloan, 1998) that is formed from a cage structure of water molecules in which gas molecules occupying void sites within the cages stabilize the structure through van der Waals or hydrogen bonding.

Natural Gas Hydrate

Natural Gas Hydrate
  • Author : M.D. Max
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :415
  • ISBN : 9401143870
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Summary : 1. THE BEGINNINGS OF HYDRATE RESEARCH Until very recently, our understanding of hydrate in the natural environment and its impact on seafloor stability, its importance as a sequester of methane, and its potential as an important mechanism in the Earth's climate change system, was masked by our lack of appreciation of the vastness of the hydrate resource. Only a few publications on naturally occurring hydrate existed prior to 1975. The first published reference to oceanic gas hydrate (Bryan and Markl, 1966) and the first publication in the scientific literature (Stoll, et a1., 1971) show how recently it has been since the topic of naturally occurring hydrate has been raised. Recently, however, the number of hydrate publications has increased substantially, reflecting increased research into hydrate topics and the initiation of funding to support the researchers. Awareness of the existence of naturally occurring gas hydrate now has spread beyond the few scientific enthusiasts who pursued knowledge about the elusive hydrate because of simple interest and lurking suspicions that hydrate would prove to be an important topic. The first national conference on gas hydrate in the U.S. was held as recently as April, 1991 at the U.S. National Center of the U.s. Geological Survey in Reston Virginia (Max et al., 1991). The meeting was co-hosted by the U.s. Geological Survey, the Naval Research Laboratory, and the U.S.

Clathrate Hydrates of Natural Gases, Third Edition

Clathrate Hydrates of Natural Gases, Third Edition
  • Author : E. Dendy Sloan, Jr.,Carolyn Koh
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2007-09-07
  • Total pages :752
  • ISBN : 9781420008494
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Summary : Hydrate research has expanded substantially over the past decade, resulting in more than 4,000 hydrate-related publications. Collating this vast amount of information into one source, Clathrate Hydrates of Natural Gases, Third Edition presents a thoroughly updated, authoritative, and comprehensive description of all major aspects of natural gas clathrate hydrates. What’s New in the Third Edition? This new edition of a bestseller offers updated information on the clathrate hydrate compounds discovered in the past decade, provides a balance between experimental and theoretical perspectives, and incorporates two software programs that can be downloaded from the CRC press website. It also presents case studies on low dosage hydrate inhibitor prevention and hydrate drilling in nature, phase equilibrium data and kinetic models, and descriptions of the paradigm change in flow assurance to risk management. Other new material discusses the paradigm transition from hydrate reservoir assessment to reservoir production and summarizes the in situ conditions for hydrates in the permafrost and oceans. With this modern account of clathrate hydrates, you will acquire a fresh perspective on both new and old theories and data, hopefully leading you to pursue exciting research directions and practical applications.

Offshore Gas Hydrates

Offshore Gas Hydrates
  • Author : Rudy Rogers
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2015-08-24
  • Total pages :398
  • ISBN : 0128025565
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Summary : Gas hydrates collect and store both thermogenic and biogenic methane generated in deep ocean sediments that, over geologic time, forms vast methane repositories. Offshore Gas Hydrates: Origins, Development, and Production presents gas hydrates as an emerging, clean energy source possibly more abundant than all other fossil fuels and especially important for countries geographically and economically restricted from conventional fossil fuel resources. The book explores feasible methods to produce offshore hydrate gas, the means to store and transport the remotely produced gas, new hydrate inhibitors for conventional and hydrate production in ultra-deep waters, instability manifestations of seafloor hydrates, and hydrate roles in complex ecological scenarios. Complementing production and drilling method presentations are computer simulation studies, hydrate field tests, and seismic and logging developments. Offshore Gas Hydrates delivers a well-developed framework for both the oil and gas researcher and corporate engineer to better exploit this future unconventional resource, empowering the oil and gas professional with the latest data and information on sophisticated challenges that offshore hydrates present. Addresses the technical, economic, and environmental problems of producing hydrate gas. Introduces the overlooked and unchartered role of microbes in catalyzing offshore hydrate formations with attendant effects on stability/dissociation. Reviews the latest world-wide field tests, research, and case studies involving seafloor hydrates, inclusive of most known hydrate provinces. Displays two videos within the e-book only: (1) hydrates, carbonates, chemosynthetic communities, and natural hydrocarbon leakages on the seafloor at the Mississippi Canyon hydrate observatory site; (2) hydrate nucleation, migration and self-packing in a laboratory test cell under the influence of anionic surfactants. Extends deep-water hydrate knowledge regarding the hydrate formation and protective cover for microbes within the extreme environment of Mars.

Natural Gas Hydrates

Natural Gas Hydrates
  • Author : Scott L. Montgomery
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :82
  • ISBN :
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Natural Gas Hydrates, 3rd Edition

Natural Gas Hydrates, 3rd Edition
  • Author : John Carroll
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2014
  • Total pages :340
  • ISBN :
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Summary : Rarely covered in formal engineering courses, natural gas hydrates are a common problem and real-life danger for engineers worldwide. Updated and more practical than ever, Natural Gas Hydrates, Third Edition helps managers and engineers get up to speed on all the most common hydrate types, how to forecast when they will appear, and safely mitigate their removal. Known for being highly flammable, gas hydrates are a preventable threat that can costs millions of dollars in damage, as well as take the lives of workers and engineers on the rig. The third edition of Natural Gas Hydrates is enhanced with today's more complex yet practical utilization needs including: New hydrate types and formers, including mercaptans and other sulfur compounds Vital information on how to handle hydrate formation in the wellbore, useful information in light of the Macondo explosion and resulting oil spill More detailed phase diagrams, such as ternary systems, as well as more relevant multicomponent mixtures Quantifiably measure the conditions that make hydrates possible and mitigate the right equipment correctly Predict and examine the conditions at which hydrates form with simple and complex calculation exercises Gain knowledge and review lessons learned from new real-world case studies and examples, covering capital costs, dehydration, and new computer methods.

Exploration of Gas Hydrates

Exploration of Gas Hydrates
  • Author : Naresh Kumar Thakur,Sanjeev Rajput
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2010-10-08
  • Total pages :281
  • ISBN : 9783642142345
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Summary : Gas hydrates are ice-like crystalline substances that form a rigid cage of water molecules and entrap hydrocarbon and non-hydrocarbon gas by hydrogen bonding. Natural gas hydrate is primarily composed of water and methane. These are solid, crystalline, ice-like substances found in permafrost areas and deepwater basins around the world. They naturally occur in the pore space of marine sediments, where appropriate high pressure and low temperature conditions exist in an adequate supply of gas (mainly methane). Gas hydrates are considered as a potential non conventional energy resource. Methane hydrates are also recognized as, an influence on offshore platform stability, a major factor in climate change contributing to global warming and a significant contribution to the ocean carbon cycle. The proposed book treats various geophysical techniques in order to quantify the gas hydrate reserves and their impact on environment. The primary goal of this book is to provide the state of art for gas hydrate exploration. The target audiences for this book are non-specialist from different branches of science, graduate students and researchers.

International Conference on Natural Gas Hydrates

International Conference on Natural Gas Hydrates
  • Author : E. Dendy Sloan,John Happel,Miguel A. Hnatow,New York Academy of Sciences
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :579
  • ISBN :
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Summary : Natural gas hydrates can affect the transportation of oil and gas through pipelines. They can also affect the atmosphere through the greenhouse effect, and may serve as a natural resource for methane gas, for example. All of these aspects of gas hydrates are explored, along with possible solutions, in this volume.

Sediment-hosted Gas Hydrates

Sediment-hosted Gas Hydrates
  • Author : D. Long
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :192
  • ISBN : 9781862392793
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Summary : There is much interest in gas hydrates in relation to their potential role as an important driver for climate change and as a major new energy source; however, many questions remain, not least the size of the global hydrate budget. Much of the current uncertainty centres on how hydrates are physically stored in sediments at a range of scales. This volume details advances in our understanding of sediment-hosted hydrates, and contains papers covering a range of studies of real and artificial sediments containing both methane hydrates and CO2 hydrates. The papers include an examination of the techniques used to locate, sample and characterize hydrates from natural, methane-rich systems, so as to understand them better. Other contributions consider the nature and stability of synthetic hydrates formed in the laboratory, which in turn improve our ability to make accurate predictive models.

Natural Gas Hydrates

Natural Gas Hydrates
  • Author : Charles K. Paull,William P. Dillon
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2001-01-09
  • Total pages :315
  • ISBN :
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Summary : This collection of 19 papers reviews research directions in the geochemistry of gas hydrates and related geophysics. Some of the topics are modeling the global carbon cycle with a gas hydrate capacitor, ion exclusion associated with marine gas hydrate deposits, deep-tow seismic investigations of methane hydrates, and quantitative well-log analysis of in situ natural gas hydrates. Regional studies are presented for Cascadia, the Gulf of Mexico, Blake Ridge, and Peru. The final paper evaluates the potential influence of gas hydrates on seabed installations. No index. c. Book News Inc.

Complete Guide to Methane Hydrate Energy

Complete Guide to Methane Hydrate Energy
  • Author : U. S. Department of Energy (DOE),National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL),U. S. Government
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2017-09-02
  • Total pages :217
  • ISBN : 9781549655081
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Summary : In March 2013, Japanese researchers announced a breakthrough in the extraction of natural gas from methane hydrates. This marked the latest important development in the quest for energy from methane hydrate, known as the ice that burns. This book presents a comprehensive collection of up-to-date publications about this vital new resource, covering all aspects of the field, including the possible effects of hydrate gas production on climate change. Contents include: Energy Resource Potential of Methane Hydrate; Methane Hydrate Program Report to Congress - October 2012; Interagency Coordination on Methane Hydrates R&D: Demonstrating the Power of Working Together; Report of the Methane Hydrate Advisory Committee on Methane Hydrate Issues and Opportunities including Assessment of Uncertainty of the Impact of Methane Hydrate on Global Climate Change; Report to Congress - An Assessment of the Methane Hydrate Research Program and An Assessment of the 5-Year Research Plan of the Department of Energy Prepared by the Federal Methane Hydrate Advisory Committee - June 2007; An Interagency Roadmap for Methane Hydrate Research and Development; Methane Hydrates R&D Program. Methane hydrate is a cage-like lattice of ice inside of which are trapped molecules of methane, the chief constituent of natural gas. If methane hydrate is either warmed or depressurized, it will revert back to water and natural gas. When brought to the earth's surface, one cubic meter of gas hydrate releases 164 cubic meters of natural gas. Hydrate deposits may be several hundred meters thick and generally occur in two types of settings: under Arctic permafrost, and beneath the ocean floor. Methane that forms hydrate can be both biogenic, created by biological activity in sediments, and thermogenic, created by geological processes deeper within the earth. While global estimates vary considerably, the energy content of methane occurring in hydrate form is immense, possibly exceeding the combined energy content of all other known fossil fuels. The U.S. Department of Energy methane hydrate program aims to develop the tools and technologies to allow environmentally safe methane production from arctic and domestic offshore hydrates. The program includes R&D in: Production Feasibility: Methane hydrates occur in large quantities beneath the permafrost and offshore, on and below the seafloor. DOE R&D is focused on determining the potential and environmental implications of production of natural gas from hydrates. Research and Modeling: DOE is studying innovative ways to predict the location and concentration of subsurface methane hydrate before drilling. DOE is also conducting studies to understand the physical properties of gas hydrate-bearing strata and to model this understanding at reservoir scale to predict future behavior and production. Climate Change: DOE is studying the role of methane hydrate formation and dissociation in the global carbon cycle. Another aspect of this research is incorporating GH science into climate models to understand the relationship between global warming and methane hydrates.