Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

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Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

Mycorrhizal Symbiosis
  • Author : Sally E. Smith,David J. Read
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2010-07-26
  • Total pages :800
  • ISBN : 9780080559346
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Summary : The roots of most plants are colonized by symbiotic fungi to form mycorrhiza, which play a critical role in the capture of nutrients from the soil and therefore in plant nutrition. Mycorrhizal Symbiosis is recognized as the definitive work in this area. Since the last edition was published there have been major advances in the field, particularly in the area of molecular biology, and the new edition has been fully revised and updated to incorporate these exciting new developments. Over 50% new material Includes expanded color plate section Covers all aspects of mycorrhiza Presents new taxonomy Discusses the impact of proteomics and genomics on research in this area

Biogeography of Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

Biogeography of Mycorrhizal Symbiosis
  • Author : Leho Tedersoo
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2017-06-01
  • Total pages :566
  • ISBN : 3319563637
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Summary : This book offers a timely overview and synthesis of biogeographic patterns of plants and fungi and their mycorrhizal associations across geographic scales. Written by leading experts in the field, it provides an updated definition of mycorrhizal types and establishes the best practices of modern biogeographic analyses. Individual chapters address the basic processes and mechanisms driving community ecology, population biology and dispersal in mycorrhizal fungi, which differ greatly from these of prokaryotes, plants and animals. Other chapters review the state-of-the-art knowledge about the distribution, ecology and biogeography of all mycorrhizal types and the most important fungal groups involved in mycorrhizal symbiosis. The book argues that molecular methods have revolutionized our understanding of the ecology and biogeography of mycorrhizal symbiosis and that rapidly evolving high-throughput identification and genomics tools will provide unprecedented information about the structure and functioning of mycorrhizal symbiosis on a global scale. This volume appeals to scientists in the fields of plant and fungal ecology and biogeography.

Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

Mycorrhizal Symbiosis
  • Author : Sally E. Smith,David J. Read
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :1996-10-25
  • Total pages :605
  • ISBN : 9780080537191
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Summary : In nature, the roots of most plants are colonized by symbiotic fungi to form mycorrhiza, which play a critical role in the capture of nutrients from the soil, and therefore in plant nutrition. Thirteen years have passed since the publication of the First Edition of Mycorrhizal Symbiosis, the book that has been generally acclaimed as the most definitive work on this fascinating topic. The Second Edition co-authored by Professor Sally Smith and Professor David Read has been completely rewritten to cover the significant advances in our understanding of this field. Key Features * Separate accounts of major mycorrhizal types, highlighting structure, development, physiology and ecology * Integrative treatment, covering nutrient transport, roles of mycorrhizas in ecology, applications in man-made environments, and interactions with pollutants * In depth treatment of evolutionary and developmental aspects, plus closer examination of external mycelium, and transport processes * Appreciation of diversity of form and function within major mycorrhizal types, and its importance in ecosystems

Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis
  • Author : Francis Martin
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2016-10-26
  • Total pages :528
  • ISBN : 1118951433
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Summary : Recent years have seen extensive research in the molecular underpinnings of symbiotic plant-fungal interactions. Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis is a timely collection of work that will bridge the gap between molecular biology, fungal genomics, and ecology. A more profound understanding of mycorrhizal symbiosis will have broad-ranging impacts on the fields of plant biology, mycology, crop science, and ecology. Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis will open with introductory chapters on the biology, structure and phylogeny of the major types of mycorrhizal symbioses. Chapters then review different molecular mechanisms driving the development and functioning of mycorrhizal systems and molecular analysis of mycorrhizal populations and communities. The book closes with chapters that provide an overall synthesis of field and provide perspectives for future research. Authoritative and timely, Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis, will be an essential reference from those working in plant and fungal biology.

The Role of the Mycorrhizal Symbiosis in Nutrient Uptake of Plants and the Regulatory Mechanisms Underlying These Transport Processes

The Role of the Mycorrhizal Symbiosis in Nutrient Uptake of Plants and the Regulatory Mechanisms Underlying These Transport Processes
  • Author : Heike Bücking
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :329
  • ISBN :
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Summary : The Role of the Mycorrhizal Symbiosis in Nutrient Uptake of Plants and the Regulatory Mechanisms Underlying These Transport Processes.

Mycorrhizal Mediation of Soil

Mycorrhizal Mediation of Soil
  • Author : Nancy Collins Johnson,Catherine Gehring,Jan Jansa
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2016-11-03
  • Total pages :526
  • ISBN : 0128043830
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Summary : Mycorrhizal Mediation of Soil: Fertility, Structure, and Carbon Storage offers a better understanding of mycorrhizal mediation that will help inform earth system models and subsequently improve the accuracy of global carbon model predictions. Mycorrhizas transport tremendous quantities of plant-derived carbon below ground and are increasingly recognized for their importance in the creation, structure, and function of soils. Different global carbon models vary widely in their predictions of the dynamics of the terrestrial carbon pool, ranging from a large sink to a large source. This edited book presents a unique synthesis of the influence of environmental change on mycorrhizas across a wide range of ecosystems, as well as a clear examination of new discoveries and challenges for the future, to inform land management practices that preserve or increase below ground carbon storage. Synthesizes the abundance of research on the influence of environmental change on mycorrhizas across a wide range of ecosystems from a variety of leading international researchers Focuses on the specific role of mycorrhizal fungi in soil processes, with an emphasis on soil development and carbon storage, including coverage of cutting-edge methods and perspectives Includes a chapter in each section on future avenues for further study

Mycorrhizal Ecology

Mycorrhizal Ecology
  • Author : Marcel G.A. van der Heijden,Ian R. Sanders
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2013-03-14
  • Total pages :471
  • ISBN : 3540383646
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Summary : This multi-authored book gives an overview of recent advances and breakthroughs in the field of mycorrhizal ecology. The text elucidates mechanisms that determine plant biodiversity - a prerequisite to ensuring successful management for the conservation and restoration of ecosystems. Topics covered include: all the major mycorrhizal types, plant population biology, multitrophic interactions, biological diversity, ecosystem functioning, global change and evolution. This volume shows that collaboration in the rhizosphere is essential for plants, microbes, plant communities and ecosystems. It has been written with ecologists in mind, giving them easy access to an understanding of how these important interactions could shape our ecosystems.

Mycorrhizal Fungi in South America

Mycorrhizal Fungi in South America
  • Author : Marcela C. Pagano,Mónica A. Lugo
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2019-06-12
  • Total pages :374
  • ISBN : 3030152286
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Summary : This new book shows the work done by researchers dedicated to the study of different mycorrhizas types, the fungal species associated and their distribution influenced by geographical and environmental factors among the different South American biogeographic regions. The exclusive biotic and abiotic characteristics delimit natural ecosystems with uniques biological communities, where mycorrhizologists have investigated plant symbioses in those ecosystems for decades, providing data from Venezuelan Great Savannah, Andes, Puna, Chaco, Caatinga, Monte, Atlantic Forest, Marginal Forest, Cerrado, Patagonia, Yungas, Rainforest, Andean-Patagonian Forests, and Antarctic section. In these environments, different mycorrhizal associations (arbuscular / ericoid / orchidoid / ectomycorrhizal / mycoheterotrophic) are present in herbaceous plants, shrubs, and trees. Mycorrhizal associations were studied from different researching points of view (biodiversity, biological invasions, biotic / abiotic disturbances, altitudinal variations, seasonal changes, land uses). The aim of this Book is to compile research on mycorrhizal fungi and their associations in environments of South America, throughout the synthesis of information from natural and anthropogenic related environments. The book focuses in different bioregions of South America from tropical areas to the southern cone, and it will be useful to those who work on plant-fungal interactions in different vegetation types and in agricultural lands from South America and worldwide.

Mycorrhiza in Tropical and Neotropical Ecosystems

Mycorrhiza in Tropical and Neotropical Ecosystems
  • Author : Mohamed Hijri,Amadou Bâ
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2018-10-19
  • Total pages :139
  • ISBN : 2889455440
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Summary : Mycorrhizal symbiosis is a mutualistic association of plant roots and fungi that plays a major role in ecosystem function and diversification, as well as its stability and productivity. It also plays a key role in the biology and ecology of forest trees, affecting growth, water and nutrient absorption and protection against soil-borne pathogens. However, the mycorrhizal research in tropical and neotropical ecosystems remains largely unexplored despite its importance in tropical and neotropical ecosystems. These ecosystems represent more than 0.6% of the total land ecosystems and they have a crucial role in the Earth’s biogeochemical cycling and climate. Threats to tropical forest biodiversity should therefore encourage investigations and inventories of mycorrhizal diversity, function and ecology in tropical latitudes because they concern ecologically and economically important plant species. This Research Topic aims to provide an overview of the knowledge of mycorrhizal symbioses in tropical and neotropical ecosystems. For this Research Topic, we welcome articles that address the diversity, ecology and function of mycorrhiza associated with plants, the impacts of mycorrhiza on plant diversity and composition, the regeneration and dynamics of ecosystems, and biomass production in ecosystems.

Mycorrhizal Planet

Mycorrhizal Planet
  • Author : Michael Phillips
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2017
  • Total pages :244
  • ISBN : 160358658X
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Summary : In Mycorrhizal Planet, Michael Phillips offers new insights into the invisible world beneath our feet, explaining the crucial, symbiotic role that fungi play in everything from healthy plants to healthy soils to a healthy planet.--COVER.

New Visions in Plant Science

New Visions in Plant Science
  • Author : Özge Çelik
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2018-09-19
  • Total pages :170
  • ISBN : 1789237025
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Summary : Over the past decade, progress in plant science and molecular technologies has grown considerably. This book focuses on plant biotechnology applications specializing in certain aspects of breeding and molecular marker-assisted selection processes, omic strategies, usage of bioinformatic tools, and nanotechnological improvements in agricultural sciences. Most farmers and breeders can no longer simply turn to the older strategies, and new instructions are needed to adapt their systems to achieve their production goals. The book covers new information on using metabolomics and nanotechnology in agriculture. In these circumstances, all new data and technology are very important in plant science. The topics in this book are practical and user-friendly. They allow practitioners, students, and academicians with specific background knowledge to feel confident about the principles presented on a new generation of molecular plant biotechnology applications.

Mycorrhiza : Role and Applications

Mycorrhiza : Role and Applications
  • Author : V. S. Mehrotra
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :359
  • ISBN : 9788177647044
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Summary :

In Vitro Culture of Mycorrhizas

In Vitro Culture of Mycorrhizas
  • Author : Stéphane Declerck,Désiré-Georges Strullu,André Fortin
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2006-01-14
  • Total pages :392
  • ISBN : 354027331X
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Summary : This is the first book describing in vitro cultivation of root organs. The text describes various biological aspects such as the physiology, biochemistry, biodiversity, and life cycles of fungi, as well as the effects of symbiosis on plant growth and development, including large-scale fungus production for biotechnological use. Detailed protocols allow the immediate application of the method to culture mycorrhizal fungi in vitro.

Transport Processes in the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

Transport Processes in the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis
  • Author : Nina Duensing
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2013
  • Total pages :228
  • ISBN :
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Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

Mycorrhizal Symbiosis
  • Author : J. L. Harley,John Laker Harley,S. E. Smith,Stephen Edward Smith
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :1983
  • Total pages :483
  • ISBN :
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Summary : Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza. The symbionts. The development of infection and anatomy of vesicular-arbuscular mucorrhizas. Carbon metabolism and groeth. Mineral nutrition. Ectomycorrhiza. The symbionts. Structure of ectomycorrhiza. Growth physiology of ectomycorrhizal fungi. Growth and carbon metabolism of ectomycorrhizal plants. Physiology of ectomycorrhizas. Nutrient uptake. Ectendomycorrhizas in conifers. Mycorrhiza in Ericales. Ericoid mycorrhizas. Arbutoid and monotropoid mycorrhizas. Orchid mycorrhizas. Essays on mycorrhizal subjects. The causal anatomy of ectomycorrhizas. Translocation in mycorrhizal fungi. Transfer of metabolites between symbionts in mycorrhizal associations. Specifity and recognition in symbiotic systems. Ecological aspects of mycorrhizal symbiosis.

Impacts of Domestication on the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis of 27 Crop Species

Impacts of Domestication on the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis of 27 Crop Species
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2017
  • Total pages :329
  • ISBN :
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Summary : The arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) symbiosis is key to plant nutrition, and hence is potentially key in sustainable agriculture. Fertilization and other agricultural practices reduce soil AM fungi and root colonization. Such conditions might promote the evolution of low mycorrhizal responsive crops. Therefore, we ask if and how evolution under domestication has altered AM symbioses of crops. We measured the effect of domestication on mycorrhizal responsiveness across 27 crop species and their wild progenitors. Additionally, in a subset of 14 crops, we tested if domestication effects differed under contrasting phosphorus (P) availabilities. The response of AM symbiosis to domestication varied with P availability. On average, wild progenitors benefited from the AM symbiosis irrespective of P availability, while domesticated crops only profited under P‐limited conditions. Magnitudes and directions of response were diverse among the 27 crops, and were unrelated to phylogenetic affinities or to the coordinated evolution with fine root traits. Our results indicate disruptions in the efficiency of the AM symbiosis linked to domestication. Under high fertilization, domestication could have altered the regulation of resource trafficking between AM fungi and associated plant hosts. Provided that crops are commonly raised under high fertilization, this result has important implications for sustainable agriculture.

Effects of Elevated Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide on the Arbuscular-mycorrhizal Symbiosis at the Host Plant, Plant Community, and Ecosystem Level

Effects of Elevated Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide on the Arbuscular-mycorrhizal Symbiosis at the Host Plant, Plant Community, and Ecosystem Level
  • Author : Matthias Christian Rillig
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :278
  • ISBN :
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Mycorrhiza - Function, Diversity, State of the Art

Mycorrhiza - Function, Diversity, State of the Art
  • Author : Ajit Varma,Ram Prasad,Narendra Tuteja
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2017-05-11
  • Total pages :396
  • ISBN : 331953064X
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Summary : This is the fourth updated and revised edition of a well-received book that emphasises on fungal diversity, plant productivity and sustainability. It contains new chapters written by leading experts in the field. This book is an up-to-date overview of current progress in mycorrhiza and association with plant productivity and environmental sustainability. The result is a must hands-on guide, ideally suited for agri-biotechnology, soil biology, fungal biology including mycorrrhiza and stress management, academia and researchers. The topic of this book is particularly relevant to researchers involved in mycorrhiza, especially to food security and environmental protection. Mycorrhizas are symbioses between fungi and the roots of higher plants. As more than 90% of all known species of plants have the potential to form mycorrhizal associations, the productivity and species composition and the diversity of natural ecosystems are frequently dependent upon the presence and activity of mycorrhizas. The biotechnological application of mycorrhizas is expected to promote the production of food while maintaining ecologically and economically sustainable production systems.

Symbiotic Fungi

Symbiotic Fungi
  • Author : Ajit Varma,Amit C. Kharkwal
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2009-09-01
  • Total pages :430
  • ISBN : 9783540958949
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Summary : Symbiotic Fungi – Principles and Practice presents current protocols for the study of symbiotic fungi and their interactions with plant roots, such as techniques for analyzing nutrient transfer, ecological restoration, microbial communication, and mycorrhizal bioassays, AM inoculum procedures and mushroom technology. The protocols offer practical solutions for researchers and students involved in the study of symbiotic microorganisms. The volume will be of great use for basic research, biotechnological applications, and the development of commercial products.

Defensive Mutualism in Microbial Symbiosis

Defensive Mutualism in Microbial Symbiosis
  • Author : James F. White Jr.,Monica S. Torres
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2009-05-26
  • Total pages :430
  • ISBN : 9781420069327
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Summary : Anemones and fish, ants and acacia trees, fungus and trees, buffaloes and oxpeckers--each of these unlikely duos is an inimitable partnership in which the species’ coexistence is mutually beneficial. More specifically, they represent examples of defensive mutualism, when one species receives protection against predators or parasites in exchange for offering shelter or food to its partner species. Explores the Diverse Range of Defensive Mutualisms Involving Microbial Symbionts The past 20 years, since this phenomenon first began receiving attention, have been marked by a deluge of research in a variety of organism kingdoms and much has been discovered about this intriguing behavior. Defensive Mutualism in Microbial Symbiosis includes basic ecological and biological information on defensive mutualisms, explores how they function, and evaluates how they have evolved. It also looks at the implications of symbiosis defensive compounds as a new frontier in bioexploration for drug and natural product discovery--the first book to explore this possibility. Chapters Written by Field Authorities The book expands the concept of defensive mutualisms to evaluate defense against environmental abiotic and biotic stresses. Addressing the topic of defensive mutualisms in microbial symbiosis across this wide spectrum, it includes chapters on defensive mutualistic associations involving multiple kingdoms of organisms in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems--plant, animal, fungi, bacteria, and protozoans. Defensive Mutualism in Microbial Symbiosis unifies scattered findings into a single compendium, providing a valuable reference for field researchers and those in academia to assimilate and acquire a knowledgeable perspective on defensive mutualism, particularly those involving microbial partners.