Fire Debris Analysis

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Fire Debris Analysis

Fire Debris Analysis
  • Author : Eric Stauffer,Julia A. Dolan,Reta Newman
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2007-12-10
  • Total pages :672
  • ISBN : 9780080556260
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Summary : The study of fire debris analysis is vital to the function of all fire investigations, and, as such, Fire Debris Analysis is an essential resource for fire investigators. The present methods of analysis include the use of gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, techniques which are well established and used by crime laboratories throughout the world. However, despite their universality, this is the first comprehensive resource that addresses their application to fire debris analysis. Fire Debris Analysis covers topics such as the physics and chemistry of fire and liquid fuels, the interpretation of data obtained from fire debris, and the future of the subject. Its cutting-edge material and experienced author team distinguishes this book as a quality reference that should be on the shelves of all crime laboratories. Serves as a comprehensive guide to the science of fire debris analysis Presents both basic and advanced concepts in an easily readable, logical sequence Includes a full-color insert with figures that illustrate key concepts discussed in the text

Fire Debris Analysis

Fire Debris Analysis
  • Author : Eric Stauffer,Julia A. Dolan,Reta Newman
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2007-12-24
  • Total pages :672
  • ISBN : 9780126639711
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Summary : The study of fire debris analysis is vital to the function of all fire investigations, and, as such, Fire Debris Analysis is an essential resource for fire investigators. The present methods of analysis include the use of gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, techniques which are well established and used by crime laboratories throughout the world. However, despite their universality, this is the first comprehensive resource that addresses their application to fire debris analysis. Fire Debris Analysis covers topics such as the physics and chemistry of fire and liquid fuels, the interpretation of data obtained from fire debris, and the future of the subject. Its cutting-edge material and experienced author team distinguishes this book as a quality reference that should be on the shelves of all crime laboratories. Serves as a comprehensive guide to the science of fire debris analysis Presents both basic and advanced concepts in an easily readable, logical sequence Includes a full-color insert with figures that illustrate key concepts discussed in the text

Forensic Analysis of Fire Debris and Explosives

Forensic Analysis of Fire Debris and Explosives
  • Author : Kenyon Evans-Nguyen,Katherine Hutches
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2019-10-08
  • Total pages :356
  • ISBN : 3030258343
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Summary : This text provides training on the fundamental tools and methodologies used in active forensic laboratories for the complicated analysis of fire debris and explosives evidence. It is intended to serve as a gateway for students and transitioning forensic science or chemistry professionals. The book is divided between the two disciplines of fire debris and explosives, with a final pair of chapters devoted to the interplay between the two disciplines and with other disciplines, such as DNA and fingerprint analysis. It brings together a multi-national group of technical experts, ranging from academic researchers to active practitioners, including members of some of the premier forensic agencies of the world. Readers will gain knowledge of practical methods of analysis and will develop a strong foundation for laboratory work in forensic chemistry. End-of-chapter questions based on relevant topics and real-world data provide a realistic arena for learners to test newly-acquired techniques.

Identifying Ignitable Liquids in Fire Debris

Identifying Ignitable Liquids in Fire Debris
  • Author : Jeanet Hendrikse,Michiel Grutters,Frank Schäfer
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2015-10-05
  • Total pages :142
  • ISBN : 0128043873
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Summary : Identifying Ignitable Liquids in Fire Debris: A Guideline for Forensic Experts discusses and illustrates the characteristics of different ignitable liquid products. This guideline builds on the minimum criteria of the ignitable liquid classes defined in the internationally accepted standard ASTM E1618 Standard Test Method for Ignitable Liquid Residues in Extracts from Fire Debris Samples by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry. The volume provides information on the origin of the characteristics of these ignitable liquid products and provides a summary of characteristics to demonstrate a positive identification of the particular product class. Topics such as the term ignitable liquid, relevant guidelines for fire debris analysis, production processes of ignitable liquids, fire debris analysis methods, and interferences in fire debris analysis, are briefly discussed as these topics are essential for the understanding of the identification and classification of ignitable liquid residues in fire debris. Discusses the characteristics and variations in chemical composition of different classes of the ignitable liquid products defined by ASTM E1618:14 Covers the General Production Processes of Ignitable Liquid Products Includes a guide for the Identification of Ignitable Liquids in Fire Debris

Identification and Characterization of Interfering Products in Fire Debris Analysis

Identification and Characterization of Interfering Products in Fire Debris Analysis
  • Author : Éric Stauffer
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :268
  • ISBN :
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Summary :

Forensic Chemistry

Forensic Chemistry
  • Author : Jay Siegel
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2016-01-19
  • Total pages :544
  • ISBN : 1118897722
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Summary : Forensic Chemistry is a comprehensive overview of the subject aimed at those students who have a basic understanding of the underlying principles and are looking for a more detailed reference text. This book is aimed at advanced students who are studying forensic science or analytical chemistry, faculty and researchers, and practitioners such as crime laboratory bench scientists. The authors will assume that the reader will have an introductory knowledge of forensic science and forensic chemistry and will have had analytical, organic and instrumental chemistry. None of the major analytical chemical techniques will have separate treatments in the book, with the exception of forensic microscopy, which will have a chapter because many students in chemistry and forensic science do not get dedicated classes in this area. The book will have separate chapters on all of the major areas of forensic chemistry and, in addition, will have a chapter devoted to chemometrics, which is the statistical treatment of large amounts of data to discover groupings, similarities and differences among the data. Each chapter will be written by an acknowledged international expert in that area. Each author will be given detailed instructions as to the intended audience, as well as expected breadth and depth of coverage of the material in the hopes that this will minimize the problem of uneven coverage of topics and chapters that often occurs in edited books. Although each of the types of evidence covered in the book use methods of analysis that lie outside chemistry, these will be mentioned only for completeness in passing. The emphasis will be on the use of chemical tools in evidence analysis. This book is designed to be either a text book for an advanced forensic chemistry course, or a treatise in forensic chemistry for the scientist who wants to learn the subject in some depth. It is not designed to be a survey of the current literature in the field or a reference manual.

A Survey on the Interpretive GC/MS Analysis of Fire Debris

A Survey on the Interpretive GC/MS Analysis of Fire Debris
  • Author : Anthony Thomas Parks
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2018
  • Total pages :43
  • ISBN : 9780438372801
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Summary : The practice of arson analysis in a forensic science laboratory is based upon detecting the presence of ignitable liquids. If an ignitable liquid is present, it is suggestive of arson; if no ignitable liquid is found an arson claim is more difficult to assert. Ignitable liquids are detected using gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry. Instrumental results from a GC/MS can display components of an ignitable liquid but an analyst needs to make the final decision. Even with correct instrumentation and suggested guidelines, ignitable liquid analysis can be subjective and based upon the analysts' education and experience. To better understand the interpretive practices of the fire debris analysis community, a survey consisting of reference samples, mixture standards, and multiple unknowns was created in consultation with the Los Angeles Police Department Arson Unit. The samples consisted of different substrates with varying classes and volumes of ignitable liquid. They were created using a destructive distillation method first developed by the State of Florida Bureau of Forensic Fire and Explosives Analysis. Extraction of the samples was completed using a carbon strip to perform passive headspace absorption following the ASTM E 1412 method. The samples were analyzed with a GC/MS following National Commission on Forensic Science parameters. To maintain confidentiality, participant responses are stripped of identifiers and the results of the survey, details about the procedure, and discussions will be presented.

Interpol's Forensic Science Review

Interpol's Forensic Science Review
  • Author : Niamh Nic Daeid,Max Houck
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2017-08-09
  • Total pages :798
  • ISBN : 1439826595
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Summary : Every three years, worldwide forensics experts gather at the Interpol Forensic Science Symposium to exchange ideas and discuss scientific advances in the field of forensic science and criminal justice. Drawn from contributions made at the latest gathering in Lyon, France, Interpol's Forensic Science Review is a one-source reference providing a comp

Analysis and Interpretation of Fire Scene Evidence

Analysis and Interpretation of Fire Scene Evidence
  • Author : Jose R. Almirall,Kenneth G. Furton
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2016-04-19
  • Total pages :272
  • ISBN : 9780203492727
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Summary : Ongoing advances in arson detection tools and techniques increase the importance of scientific evidence in related court proceedings. In order to assemble an airtight case, investigators and forensic scientists need a resource that assists them in properly conducting the chemical analysis and interpretation of physical evidence found at scenes of suspected arson. Analysis and Interpretation of Fire Scene Evidence introduces the techniques that determine the presence of ignitable liquid residues (ILRs) at fire scenes. It bridges the disciplines of investigation and forensic chemistry, enabling effective communication during critical periods of evidence detection, collection, packaging, and transport. The initial chapters are written from an investigator's perspective, allowing forensic specialists to understand fire dynamics, ignition, heat transfer, and investigations. Later chapters include a comparison of the use of canines versus new detection techniques, and an examination of laboratory facilities, equipment, and procedures that are essential to organizing a new lab or upgrading an existing one. By detailing the methods used to identify potential evidence at the scene of suspected arson fires, this volume also benefits attorneys and judges in preparing for prosecution and defense of arson cases.

Chemometric Applications in Fire Debris Analysis

Chemometric Applications in Fire Debris Analysis
  • Author : Anuradha Gayathri Akmeemana
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2019
  • Total pages :181
  • ISBN :
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Summary : One of the major challenges in fire investigation is the determination of the cause of fire. The fire can be accidental or intentional. The determination of ignitable liquid residue (ILR) from fire debris helps the process and this process is called fire debris analysis in forensic science. This is one of the most complex areas in the field of forensics because of the evaporation of the ILR from the debris and the interferences of the substrate matrix with the ILR if present. In the present, the final decisions in fire debris analysis are based on categorical statements and it only represents the qualitative but not the quantitative value of the data. The likelihood ratio approach is one of the most widely used methods in forensic science in expressing the evidentiary value.

Scientific Protocols for Fire Investigation, Third Edition

Scientific Protocols for Fire Investigation, Third Edition
  • Author : John J. Lentini
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2018-09-28
  • Total pages :586
  • ISBN : 1351712365
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Summary : Scientific Protocols for Fire Investigation, Third Edition focuses on the practical application of fundamental scientific principles to determine the causes of fires. Originally published in 2006, the First Edition was very well received by fire investigators and those who work with them. Since fire investigation is a rapidly evolving field—driven by new discoveries about fire behavior—the Second Edition was published in late 2012. This latest, fully updated Third Edition reflects the most recent developments in the field. Currently, serious research is underway to try to understand the role of ventilation in structure fires. Likewise, there is improved understanding of the kinds of errors investigators can make that lead to incorrect determinations of the causes of fires. In addition to the scientific aspects, the litigation of fire related events is rapidly changing, particularly with respect to an investigator's qualifications to serve as an expert witness. This book covers these latest developments and ties together the changing standards for fire investigations with the fundamental scientific knowledge presented in the early chapters of the book. The book is intended for those individuals who have recently entered the field of fire investigation, and those who are studying fire investigation with a plan to become certified professionals. In addition, professionals in the insurance industry who hire fire investigators will find this an invaluable resource. Insurance companies have sustained significant losses by hiring individuals who are not qualified, resulting in cases being settled or lost at a cost of millions. Insurance adjusters and investigators will learn to recognize quality fire investigations and those that are not up to today's standards. Lastly, this book is also for the many attorneys who litigate fire cases. Written with language and terms that make the science accessible even to the non-scientist, this new edition will be a welcome resource to any professional involved in fire and arson cases.

Advances in Forensic Applications of Mass Spectrometry

Advances in Forensic Applications of Mass Spectrometry
  • Author : Jehuda Yinon
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2003-12-29
  • Total pages :279
  • ISBN : 9780203998281
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Summary : Recent developments in analytical instrumentation have had an enormous influence on forensic analysis. The mass spectrometer is now an integral part of every forensic laboratory, resulting in greater analytical accuracy, more reliable identification, and lower detection limits. As the instrumental method of choice among forensic analysts, the mass spectrometer continues to pave the way for innovative applications in forensic analysis. Exploring the latest developments in the field, Advances in Forensic Applications of Mass Spectrometry provides a comprehensive reference guide to forensic applications using modern mass spectrometry techniques. The book features methods developed from advanced instrumentation, drug detection and toxicological analysis, and methodology of applications of stable isotope ratios. The final chapters present approaches for identifying accelerants in fire debris and procedures for analyzing explosives in post-blast residues. Jehuda Yinon, Ph.D., is one of the top forensic chemists in the world. As the editor of this authoritative volume, he compiles the knowledge of leading experts to demonstrate the use of novel mass spectrometry techniques in a vast range of forensic applications.

Forensic Chemistry Handbook

Forensic Chemistry Handbook
  • Author : Lawrence Kobilinsky
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2011-11-17
  • Total pages :544
  • ISBN : 9781118062234
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Summary : A concise, robust introduction to the various topics covered by the discipline of forensic chemistry The Forensic Chemistry Handbook focuses on topics in each of the major chemistry-related areas of forensic science. With chapter authors that span the forensic chemistry field, this book exposes readers to the state of the art on subjects such as serology (including blood, semen, and saliva), DNA/molecular biology, explosives and ballistics, toxicology, pharmacology, instrumental analysis, arson investigation, and various other types of chemical residue analysis. In addition, the Forensic Chemistry Handbook: Covers forensic chemistry in a clear, concise, and authoritative way Brings together in one volume the key topics in forensics where chemistry plays an important role, such as blood analysis, drug analysis, urine analysis, and DNA analysis Explains how to use analytical instruments to analyze crime scene evidence Contains numerous charts, illustrations, graphs, and tables to give quick access to pertinent information Media focus on high-profile trials like those of Scott Peterson or Kobe Bryant have peaked a growing interest in the fascinating subject of forensic chemistry. For those readers who want to understand the mechanisms of reactions used in laboratories to piece together crime scenes—and to fully grasp the chemistry behind it—this book is a must-have.

Fire Investigation

Fire Investigation
  • Author : Niamh Nic Daeid
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2004-01-27
  • Total pages :246
  • ISBN : 9780203646953
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Summary : Fire Investigation covers the concepts and theories used to determine a specfic fire has been deliberately or accidentally set. The author clearly explains the concepts needed to gain insight into a fire scene investigation, including the dynamics of the fire, the necessary conditions for a fire to start and be maintained, the different types of co

Forensic Investigation of Stolen-Recovered and Other Crime-Related Vehicles

Forensic Investigation of Stolen-Recovered and Other Crime-Related Vehicles
  • Author : Eric Stauffer,Monica Bonfanti
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2006-10-11
  • Total pages :632
  • ISBN : 9780080477886
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Summary : Forensic Investigation of Stolen-Recovered and Other Crime-Related Vehicles provides unique and detailed insights into the investigations of one of the most common crime scenes in the world. In addition to a thorough treatment of auto theft, the book covers vehicles involved in other forms of crime—dealing extensively with the various procedures and dynamics of evidence as it might be left in any crime scene. An impressive collection of expert contributors covers a wide variety of subjects, including chapters on vehicle identification, examination of burned vehicles, vehicles recovered from under water, vehicles involved in terrorism, vehicle tracking, alarms, anti-theft systems, steering columns, and ignition locks. The book also covers such topics as victim and witness interviews, public and private auto theft investigations, detection of trace evidence and chemical traces, vehicle search techniques, analysis of automotive fluids, vehicle registration, document examination, and vehicle crime mapping. It is the ultimate reference guide for any auto theft investigator, crime scene technician, criminalist, police investigator, criminologist, or insurance adjuster. Extensively researched and exceptionally well-written by internationally-recognized experts in auto theft investigation and forensic science All the principles explained in the text are well-illustrated and demonstrated with more than 450 black and white and about 100 full-color illustrations, many directly from real cases Serves as both a valuable reference guide to the professional and an effective teaching tool for the forensic science student

Handbook of Wear Debris Analysis and Particle Detection in Liquids

Handbook of Wear Debris Analysis and Particle Detection in Liquids
  • Author : T.M. Hunt
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :1993-03-31
  • Total pages :488
  • ISBN : 9781851669622
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Summary : This book provides not only a comprehensive introduction to the subject, but also describes in details the many techniques which can be used. These cover the detection, sampling and analysis of particles and identify those most relevant to particular applications.

Electrical Fire Analysis

Electrical Fire Analysis
  • Author : Robert A. Yereance,Todd Kerkhoff
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :286
  • ISBN : 0398079552
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Summary : "This updated and expanded third edition continues the theme of the second edition of providing extensive research findings in all types of electrical fires. This book describes in a practical and easy-to-understand manner the patterns of electrical fires which make it easier to determine where an electrical fire started. Specific topics include: (1) the general background and essential elements of fire initiation; (2) codes and standards, testing laboratories approval, non-electrical fires, arc mapping and V-patterns; (3) disassembly of equipment, nameplates, equipment misuse, abuse, and repair; (4) the gathering, preserving, and shipping of evidence, keeping records; (5) common clues, melting points, and insulation degradation; (6) common components, moveable contacts, switches and relays, circuit breakers and panels, conduit joints, heating elements; (7) appliances, wall outlets and switches, light bulbs, reversed polarity; (8) arson, telephones and answering machines, igniters, debris inspection; (9) reports, depositions and trials, report purpose and appearances; (10) fire initiation and spread, space heaters, wires, and other heat-producing mechanisms; (11) fire characteristics and general precautions; (12) electrical systems and grounds, general wiring; (13) photography and camera features; (14) electrical circuits and waves; and (15) electrical power equipment, transformers, generators, rectifiers, and motors. This book is an excellent resource not only for arson investigators but for attorneys, the insurance industry, and manufacturers who are concerned with electronic reliability."--pub. desc.

Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences

Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2012-12-28
  • Total pages :2250
  • ISBN : 0123821665
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Summary : Forensic science includes all aspects of investigating a crime, including: chemistry, biology and physics, and also incorporates countless other specialties. Today, the service offered under the guise of "forensic science’ includes specialties from virtually all aspects of modern science, medicine, engineering, mathematics and technology. The Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences, Second Edition is a reference source that will inform both the crime scene worker and the laboratory worker of each other’s protocols, procedures and limitations. Written by leading scientists in each area, every article is peer reviewed to establish clarity, accuracy, and comprehensiveness. As reflected in the specialties of its Editorial Board, the contents covers the core theories, methods and techniques employed by forensic scientists – and applications of these that are used in forensic analysis. This 4-volume set represents a 30% growth in articles from the first edition, with a particular increase in coverage of DNA and digital forensics Includes an international collection of contributors The second edition features a new 21-member editorial board, half of which are internationally based Includes over 300 articles, approximately 10pp on average Each article features a) suggested readings which point readers to additional sources for more information, b) a list of related Web sites, c) a 5-10 word glossary and definition paragraph, and d) cross-references to related articles in the encyclopedia Available online via SciVerse ScienceDirect. Please visit www.info.sciencedirect.com for more information This new edition continues the reputation of the first edition, which was awarded an Honorable Mention in the prestigious Dartmouth Medal competition for 2001. This award honors the creation of reference works of outstanding quality and significance, and is sponsored by the RUSA Committee of the American Library Association

Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States

Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Technology, and Law,Committee on Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Sciences Community
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2009-07-29
  • Total pages :348
  • ISBN : 0309142393
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Summary : Scores of talented and dedicated people serve the forensic science community, performing vitally important work. However, they are often constrained by lack of adequate resources, sound policies, and national support. It is clear that change and advancements, both systematic and scientific, are needed in a number of forensic science disciplines to ensure the reliability of work, establish enforceable standards, and promote best practices with consistent application. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward provides a detailed plan for addressing these needs and suggests the creation of a new government entity, the National Institute of Forensic Science, to establish and enforce standards within the forensic science community. The benefits of improving and regulating the forensic science disciplines are clear: assisting law enforcement officials, enhancing homeland security, and reducing the risk of wrongful conviction and exoneration. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States gives a full account of what is needed to advance the forensic science disciplines, including upgrading of systems and organizational structures, better training, widespread adoption of uniform and enforceable best practices, and mandatory certification and accreditation programs. While this book provides an essential call-to-action for congress and policy makers, it also serves as a vital tool for law enforcement agencies, criminal prosecutors and attorneys, and forensic science educators.

Forensic Science

Forensic Science
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2000-11-17
  • Total pages :776
  • ISBN : 9780080531854
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Summary : Forensic Science