Cytology

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Koss' Diagnostic Cytology and Its Histopathologic Bases

Koss' Diagnostic Cytology and Its Histopathologic Bases
  • Author : Leopold G. Koss,Myron R. Melamed
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :1752
  • ISBN : 9780781719285
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Summary : The most influential and frequently cited pathology classic is now in its Fifth Edition, with thoroughly revised chapters and over 3,000 brand-new full-color illustrations. This two-volume work provides comprehensive, current information on the principles and techniques of cytopathology and the cytologic evaluation of benign and malignant disorders at every anatomic site. This edition provides greatly expanded coverage of the interpretation of aspirated cell samples. Innovations in the practice of cytopathology and data on molecular biology and cytogenetics have been incorporated into the organ system chapters. This edition also has a greater focus on avoiding diagnostic errors. A bound-in image bank DVD is included in this edition.

Cytology

Cytology
  • Author : Edmund S. Cibas,Barbara S. Ducatman
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :493
  • ISBN :
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Summary : Cytology 2e provides the practicing and trainee pathologist with a practical guide to the diagnostic interpretation of cytological specimens. It is concise yet covers all of the organ systems in which the procedure is used, the number of pages devoted to each body site is proportional to the clinical relevance of cytology for that site. Each chapter includes a discussion of indications and methods. Includes the use of special techniques such as immunohistochemistry, flow cytometry, and molecular biology in order to resolve difficulties in interpretation and diagnosis. Provides an in-depth analysis of common diagnostic pitfalls in order to assist the pathologist with his/her daily signing -out and reporting. Increased use of color -highlighted boxes to summarize differential diagnoses, diagnostic pitfalls, tissue acquisition protocols. Will help the pathologist sign -out reports more quickly and accurately. Over 500 Color illustrations incorporated throughout the text Addition of capsule summaries. Highlighted boxes with easy-to-read "bullets" of information on specific entities. Greater emphasis on differential diagnosis. More cyto-histologic correlation, with images Brand new chapter on quality control. With 8 additional contributing experts.

Diagnostic Cytology and Hematology of the Horse

Diagnostic Cytology and Hematology of the Horse
  • Author : Rick L. Cowell,Ronald D. Tyler
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2001-10-02
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 9780323013178
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Summary : Diagnostic Cytology and Hematology of the Horse is a practical reference that presents common clinical findings in an easy-to-use text/atlas format. A general chapter discusses sample collections and techniques, followed by a 'systems' approach and chapters on specific types of fluid. Within systems chapters, normal findings are established and then abnormal findings are presented by class of problems, such as bacterial lesions, fungal lesions, parasitic lesions, etc. in the case of the eye. Algorithms on sample evaluations enhance text discussions by guiding readers to the most likely cytologic diagnosis. In addition, a color plate section features 64 illustrations for convenient comparison of cell types and infectious agents. A detailed index makes this edition even more useful as a quick clinical reference, ideal for helping readers understand correct collection and handling procedures, avoid costly errors, and make accurate diagnoses. Logical systems approach allows quick access to information Updated information on all aspects of cytologic and haematologic diagnosis in horses Algorithms, a popular feature of the first edition, guide readers toward likely diagnosis based on sample findings Atlas section at end of book allows readers to quickly view and compare cell types to aid in diagnosis Completely revised/rewritten chapters on gastrointestinal tract, cerebrospinal fluid, and synovial fluid, reflecting new tests and methods of collection Completely revamped art program, with hundreds of new full-colour slides Updated terminology reflects current language used in the field (e.g., new bacterial/viral/protozoal species names)

Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology

Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology
  • Author : Mary K. Sidawy,Syed Z. Ali
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2007-01
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 0443067317
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Summary : Expansively illustrated, this volume in the "Foundations in Diagnostic Pathology" series encompasses aspiration cytopathology of all major body sites. Experts in the field provide you with a clear, concise, and practical diagnostic approach to the challenges you face every day. Color photomicrographs provide a visual image of individual lesions, to make learning quick and easy. The consistent, convenient format provides quick, at-a-glance reference, making it an excellent resource not only for the pathologists-in-training but for those in practice as well. Uses highly templated chapters to make key information easy to find. Incorporates carefully selected high-quality, full-color images. Covers aspiration cytopathology of all major body sites. LIncludes contributions from the world's preeminent cytopathologists. The Foundations in Diagnostic Pathology Series answers the call for fresh, affordable, and easy-to-use guidance. Each region-specific volume provides all of the most essential information on the pathologic entities encountered in practice. Series Editor: John R. Goldblum, MD, FACP, FASCP, FACG

Cytology

Cytology
  • Author : Edmund S. Cibas,Barbara S. Ducatman
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :537
  • ISBN : 1416053298
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Summary : This new edition examines the latest diagnostic techniques for the interpretation of a complete range of cytological specimens. It is concise, yet covers all of the organ systems in which the procedure is used, with the number of pages devoted to each body site proportional to the clinical relevance of cytology for that site. Inside, you'll find new information on ductal lavage cytology and expanded coverage of FNA performance, keeping you current with the newest procedures. Over 700 full-color illustrations provide you with a real-life perspective of a full range of cytologic findings. Each chapter includes a discussion of indications and methods, along with a section on differential diagnosis accompanied by ancillary diagnostic techniques such as immunohistochemistry and molecular biology, where appropriate. As an Expert Consult title, it includes online access to the complete text of the book, fully searchable-as well as all of the images downloadable for your personal use-at www.expertconsult.com. "We like this book and use it frequently, thank you Dr Cibas" Reviewed by: PathLab.org Date: June 2014 Offers comprehensive coverage of everyday diagnostic work in a concise format for a practical benchside manual. Covers every type of cytology-gynecology, non-gynecology, and FNA. Presents an in-depth differential diagnosis discussion for all major entities. Examines the role of special techniques such as immunohistochemistry, flow cytometry, and molecular biology in resolving difficulties in interpretation and diagnosis. Provides an in-depth analysis of common diagnostic pitfalls to assist with daily signing out and reporting. Features coverage of patient management in discussions of pertinent clinical features. Uses capsule summaries featuring easy-to-read bulleted text that provide a quick review of key differential diagnoses, diagnostic pitfalls, cytomorphologic features, and tissue acquisition protocols for specific entities. Includes over 700 full-color illustrations that provide you with a real-life perspective of a full range of cytologic findings. Features anytime, anywhere online access to the complete text of the book, fully searchable-as well as all of the images downloadable for your personal use-at www.expertconsult.com. Covers automated cytology and HPV testing in Cervical and Vaginal Cytology chapter, providing an up-to-date reference on the techniques used in today's labs. Offers new information on ductal lavage cytology and expanded coverage of FNA performance, keeping you current with the newest procedures. Discusses the implementation of proficiency testing and changes in laboratory inspection and accreditation. Includes recommendations from the 2008 National Cancer Institute Thyroid Fine Needle Aspiration State of the Science Conference. Your purchase entitles you to access the web site until the next edition is published, or until the current edition is no longer offered for sale by Elsevier, whichever occurs first. If the next edition is published less than one year after your purchase, you will be entitled to online access for one year from your date of purchase. Elsevier reserves the right to offer a suitable replacement product (such as a downloadable or CD-ROM-based electronic version) should access to the web site be discontinued.

The Bethesda System for Reporting Cervical Cytology

The Bethesda System for Reporting Cervical Cytology
  • Author : Diane Solomon,Ritu Nayar
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2004-04-08
  • Total pages :191
  • ISBN : 9780387403588
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Summary : The Bethesda System for reporting the results of cervical cytology was developed as a uniform system of terminology, providing clear guidance for clinical management. The Bethesda System 2001 Workshop was convened to evaluate and update the 1991 Bethesda System terminology for reporting the results of cervical cytology. The New Edition has been extensively updated and revised to reflect the new Bethesda System. The new terminology reflects important advances in biological understanding of cervical neoplasia and cervical screening technology. The handbook has now been expanded to include more than 185 full color illustrations (twice the number of color images than in the 1st edition). New to the Second Edition are sections that address ancillary testing, including HPV, the inclusion of educational notes and recommendations, computerized screening, and anal cytology, as well as sample reports. In line with recent advances, the text and images address liquid-based cytology in addition to conventional cytology. In addition to its user-friendly, outline format, the inclusion of index allows the reader easier access to the information.

Cytology and Cell Physiology, Supplement 17

Cytology and Cell Physiology, Supplement 17
  • Author : Geoffrey H. Bourne
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :1987-12-12
  • Total pages :864
  • ISBN : 9780123643780
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Summary : International Review of Cytology presents current advances and comprehensive reviews in cell biology-both plant and animal. Articles address structure and control of gene expression, nucleocytoplasmic interactions, control of cell development and differentiation, and cell transformation and growth. Authored by some of the foremost scientists in the field, each volume provides up-to-date information and directions for future research.

Cytology and Genetics

Cytology and Genetics
  • Author : Sumitra Sen,Dipak Kumar Kar,B. M. Johri
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :404
  • ISBN : 9781842651544
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Summary : Covers aspects of Cell Science i.e. Basic and Applied, along with their modern developments including cell cycle and check-point, cell organelles, with special emphasis on chromosomes, their structure, chemical details and behaviour as well as their role in evolution and plant improvement. The Genetics covering Mendelian and Post-Mendelian developments as well as extra nuclear inheritance and sex-determination. Development of gene concept & structure, genetic code, gene expression and gene manipulation extensively covered. Different steps of recombinant DNA technology and genetic engineering including cloning, genomic libraries, genetransfer and transgenesis presented with DNA finger-printing for the analysis of genetic diversity, tissue culture and cell fusion techniques are covered.

International Review of Cytology

International Review of Cytology
  • Author : Kwang W. Jeon
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2006-07-31
  • Total pages :280
  • ISBN : 0080464815
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Summary : International Review of Cytology presents current advances and comprehensive reviews in cell biology – both plant and animal. Authored by some of the foremost scientists in the field, each volume provides up-to-date information and directions for future research. Articles in this volume address roles of PACAP-containing retinal ganglion cells in circadian timing; cell polarity in filamenous fungi; cellular and molecular mechanics of gliding locomotion in eukaryotes; current strategies in overcoming resistance of cancer cell and apoptosis; cell and molecular biology of the exosome: how to make of break an RNA; human hair keratin associated proteins (KAPs).

FNA Cytology in the Diagnosis of Lymphoma

FNA Cytology in the Diagnosis of Lymphoma
  • Author : Lambert Skoog
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :77
  • ISBN : 3805586264
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Summary : A comprehensive color manual Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) became important for the cytology of the enlarged lymph node in the 1950s and 1960s and was accepted in the diagnosis of various types of lymphadenitis and metastatic disease. The diagnosis of lymphoma by FNA cytology, however, remained controversial for many years, as FNA smears did not allow the evaluation of growth pattern. Only later with the introduction of immunocytochemistry on FNA material it became possible to conclusively diagnose the majority of lymphomas with an accuracy comparable to that of histopathology. Other ancillary techniques such as FISH and PCR can now also be applied successfully to FNA material. These facts together with the excellent clinical performance of FNA sampling should increase the spread of the technique. This comprehensive manual presents the cytomorphologic and immunocytochemical characteristics of both non-Hodgkin and Hodgkin lymphomas. It discusses the technical, methodological aspects of lymphoma diagnosis and describes the cytologic features of reactive lymphoid lesions and the major types of neoplastic lymphoid lesions, based on the most recent (2001) WHO lymphoma classification. Key cytologic and immunologic features are listed to facilitate a conclusive diagnosis of the different lesions. This publication will be of immense value to clinicians such as cytopathologists, pathologists, oncologists, and hematologists involved in the clinical work-up and management of patients with lymph node lesions.

International Review of Cytology

International Review of Cytology
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :1976-08-12
  • Total pages :422
  • ISBN : 0080585825
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Summary : International Review of Cytology

Animal Cytology and Evolution

Animal Cytology and Evolution
  • Author : M. J. D. White
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :1977-09-15
  • Total pages :961
  • ISBN : 9780521292276
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Summary : Chromosomes as supermolecular systems; The mitotic mechanism in evolution Endomitosis and endopolyploidy; Giant chromosomes the polytene type; Giant chromosomes the lampbrush type; The mechanism of meiosis; Chromosomes rearrangements occourrence and mechanisms; Chromosomal polymorphism in natural populations; Supernumerary chromosomes; Chromosomal rearrangements and speciaton evolution of the meiotic mechanism. The evolution of aberrant genetic systems; The cytology of interspecific hybrid;. The evolution of sex determination; Haplodiploidy; Thelytoky.

The Cytology of Soft Tissue Tumours

The Cytology of Soft Tissue Tumours
  • Author : Måns Åkerman
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2003-01-01
  • Total pages :115
  • ISBN : 3805575947
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Summary : In the last few years, the primary diagnosis of soft tissue tumours has emerged as an important new target for fine needle aspiration (FNA). The purpose of this book is to facilitate the cytological evaluation of FNA smears from soft tissue tumours and to suggest cytological criteria for histotype diagnoses. Its primary aim is to describe and illustrate not only the most common types but also those rare tumours where cytological features have been largely described in case reports and in small series. The diagnostic use of ancillary methods is discussed and illustrated, and, in order to facilitate the diagnostic work-up in FNA samples, smears are also classified according to their principal microscopic patterns. The selection of entities presented, their diagnostic features and differential diagnostic considerations are mainly based on the experience with FNA in the primary diagnosis of soft tissue tumours in patients referred to the Musculoskeletal Tumour Centre at the University Hospital in Lund, Sweden over the last 30 years. The illustrations have mainly been culled from cases in the files of the Department of Pathology and Cytology, Lund University Hospital. Soft tissue tumours are relatively rare and often difficult to correctly diagnose in fine needle aspirates. Therefore, this publication should be welcomed by all cytopathologists involved in the FNA diagnosis of tumours as a valuable addition to their benchside textbooks.

Integrated Cytology of Cerebrospinal Fluid

Integrated Cytology of Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • Author : Michael Torzewski,Karl J. Lackner,Jürgen Bohl,Clemens Sommer
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2008-01-08
  • Total pages :93
  • ISBN : 9783540758853
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Summary : Cytologic examination of the cerebrospinal fluid is a technically simple, yet productive, diagnostic procedure. Here is a practical guide to this method, as used in the diagnosis of different pathologies. High-quality slides depict the common cerebrospinal fluid cell types, cell anomalies in inflammatory conditions and neoplastic and non-neoplastic disorders, and cases with contaminants. It’s required reading for pathologists, as well as neurologists and neurosurgeons.

Endometrial Cytology with Tissue Correlations

Endometrial Cytology with Tissue Correlations
  • Author : John A. Maksem,Stanley J. Robboy,John W. Bishop,Isabelle Meiers
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2009-04-09
  • Total pages :220
  • ISBN : 9780387899107
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Summary : As compared with cytology’s use in other organ systems, direct cytological examination of the endometrium is not a widely practiced diagnostic procedure. This is an anomaly, because the endometrium is exceedingly available for cytological sampling, cytological sampling is comparably simple to perform, and, from the patient’s perspective, it is a gentle procedure as compared to other methods of specimen attainment. Over the years, as we personally gained more and more experience with specimen acquisition, processing and interpretation, we have come to look upon endometrial cytology as an effective method for ensuring endometrial normalcy and discovering and diagnosing malignant and premalignant states. In comparing endometrial cytology to endometrial biopsy, we have found that, in samples obtained by individuals experienced in specimen collection, cytology outperforms outpatient biopsy with regard to the patient’s tolerance of the procedure, adequacy of sampling among postmenopausal women, and detection of occult neoplasms. By devising a highly effective technical strategy to ensure the simultaneous creation of cell blocks and cytological samples from a single collection (that is detailed in the technical appendix of this work), we have moved endometrial brush collection into an arena of significance equaling—indeed exceeding—other methods of specimen collection and interpretation. Cytology, even in the absence of cell blocks, performs equally as well as biopsy in detecting outspoken hyperplasia or carcinoma. If nothing else, by reliably identifying benign, normal endometrial states, it serves to exclude more than 70% of women from unnecessary follow up testing with a high degree of confidence. Because brush sampling of the endometrium is limited to a depth of 1.5 to 2 mm, the method is not definitive for the detection of endometrial polyps, fibroids, stromal tumors, or tumors of the uterine wall musculature. However, endometrial cytology is useful for detecting benign estrogen-excess states such as disordered proliferation and various degrees of benign hyperplasia, for separating these states from frankly neoplastic states such as EIN and cancer, but not for subclassifying benign hyperplastic states in the absence of cell block preparations. When endometrial brushing with liquid fixation is used in conjunction with other techniques such as immunohistochemistry, concomitant biopsy or, more practically, hysteroscopy or sonohysterography, endometrial benignancy can be assured with a very high level of confidence (> 99%); indeed, manufacturing concomitant cell blocks of endometrial tissue fragments and using immunohistochemistry in selected cases significantly enhances the diagnostic specificity of the technique. In a woman with a patent cervix, endometrial brushing successfully collects material, even from late postmenopausal atrophic endometrium. It allows for the detection of serious diseases such as endometrial intraepithelial carcinoma under conditions where suction biopsy might miss or otherwise obviate the diagnosis. This work focuses on the background, collection technique, and reliability of endometrial cytology; it then overviews diagnostic criteria and diagnostic pitfalls encountered in the day-to-day practice of the art. Since endometrial cytology interpretation relies on intuiting tissue patterns from cytology preparations, a great deal of time is spent on cytohistological correlations and, where effective as part of a diagnostic strategy, on ancillary immunohistochemical staining. The discussion moves from normal states of the endometrium, through otherwise benign changes induced by an altered hormonal milieu or surface irritants, into neoplastic premalignant and malignant endometrial conditions. Finally, fixative and slide preparation techniques, that we deem as expeditious while serving to get the most information out of an endometrial cytology collection, are discussed in detail for the benefit of those who wish to recapitulate our work in their own practice.

Oral Cytology

Oral Cytology
  • Author : Ravi Mehrotra
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :176
  • ISBN : 146145221X
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Summary : Oral Cytology: A Concise Guide provides a state-of-the-art review of the major issues specific to the field of oral cytology. The sections of the book have been structured to review the complexities of sample collection, manual/automated analysis, pitfalls, gray zones and controversies in diagnosis, as well as, issues not covered by other available materials. Recent advancements in ancillary techniques like DNA ploidy, image analysis and molecular biology are discussed in detail. This useful text is extensively illustrated with patient and microscopic pictures, which will further highlight the clinical application. Throughout the text, simultaneous inclusion of both cytologic and histologic images will allow cyto-histological correlation. Readers will find descriptions of techniques offering greater simplicity, speed, patient comfort and cost effectiveness, as well as improved diagnostic precision. This bench-side reference is a unique and valuable resource in the field of oral cytology, both for those currently in training and clinicians dealing with the diagnosis of oral lesions.

Cytology E-Book

Cytology E-Book
  • Author : Edmund S. Cibas,Barbara S. Ducatman
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2013-12-23
  • Total pages :576
  • ISBN : 1455750794
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Summary : Take advantage of comprehensive yet concise coverage of nearly every type of cytology, including gynecologic, non-gynecologic, and FNA. Understand the clinical implications of your diagnoses and better equip yourself to make effective interpretations with clinical correlations emphasized throughout. Make the most informed reporting decisions through an in-depth analysis of common diagnostic pitfalls. Quickly find the answers you need with succinct, bulleted text, valuable clinical pearls, and useful summaries of key points. Gain real-life perspective on a complete range of cytologic findings with over 700 crystal-clear, full-color illustrations. Access expert knowledge and key insights into HPV testing; new billing and coding guidelines; patient management discussions; and much more, thanks to comprehensive updates throughout. See how to perform fine needle biopsy aspiration with a new 17-minute video available at Expert Consult. Narrated by pathologist Dr. Amy Ly, the video includes a patient interview, precautions, and demonstrations of techniques.

Effusion Cytology

Effusion Cytology
  • Author : Parvin Ganjei-Azar, MD,Merce Jorda, PhD,Awtar Krishan, PhD
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2011-02-22
  • Total pages :240
  • ISBN : 1935281410
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Summary : Today, cytology of body cavity fluids is an integral part of cancer staging. A positive diagnosis indicates a high-stage (III or IV) cancer in a majority of instances. General pathologists and cytotechnologists rely on routine cytomorphologic criteria to help oncologists in their staging of cancer patients. The diagnostic clarity, however, is challenged by many false negatives and occasional false positive results. The former is usually followed by an unnecessary surgical procedure in the case of an under-staged cancer and the latter may prevent treatment of a potentially curable disease due to a falsely up-staged cancer. Effusion Cytology is a practical manual in diagnosis and interpretation of body cavity fluid (BCF) specimens. This highly illustrated volume will provide handy information for the residents, fellows and general pathologists with limited basic knowledge in the area of cytopathology. The book provides a step-by-step guide to evaluation of BCF specimens with the specific goal of identification of malignancies. Use of ancillary techniques such as immunocytochemistry is discussed where appropriate. Special attention is given to the formulation of final cytologic reports of the diagnosis of difficult cases. Features of Effusion Cytology Include: Focus on Cancer Diagnosis: The book seeks to answer the simple question - Does this fluid represent malignancy? Practicality: Offers practical approaches to resolving the numerous daily technical and diagnostic problems encountered in a cytology laboratory dealing with body cavity fluid specimens Use of Limited Panel of Tumor Markers by Immunocytochemistry (ICC): Describes a simple innovative technique for applying ICC to cytologic smears A Practical Guide to Formulate Final Cytologic Reports: The reader will be guided as to how to convey any diagnostic difficulty or issue to the attending physician

Exotic Animal Hematology and Cytology

Exotic Animal Hematology and Cytology
  • Author : Terry Campbell
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2015-02-02
  • Total pages :424
  • ISBN : 1118611152
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Summary : Exotic Animal Hematology and Cytology, Fourth Editionupdates the most comprehensive reference available on exotic animalhematology and cytology of all major species. Acts as both an atlas and a text, offering high-qualityphotographs and step-by-step descriptions of techniques associatedwith preparing and interpreting hematology and cytologysamples Presents complete information on hematology and cytology in awide range of exotic species, including small mammals, birds,reptiles, amphibians, and fish Includes more than 700 high-quality color photographs, now withsizing bars Takes a new disease-based structure for improved ease ofuse Provides straightforward step-by-step descriptions of samplepreparation and interpretation

Orell, Orell and Sterrett's Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology E-Book

Orell, Orell and Sterrett's Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology E-Book
  • Author : Svante R Orell,Gregory F. Sterrett
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2011-08-09
  • Total pages :512
  • ISBN : 0702047554
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Summary : Orell & Sterrett’s Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology 5e provides you with a logical and systematic approach to the acquisition, interpretation and diagnosis of FNA biopsy samples. It is an ideal resource for all those requiring an authoritative and systematic review of the cytological findings in those malignant and benign lesions likely to be the target of FNA. The book is lavishly illustrated with high quality colour images that demonstrate the cytological features as well as their relevant immunohistochemical and molecular findings. Organized into anatomical regions, each chapter is consistently organized into two parts: the first deals with clinical and technical aspects followed by a systematic presentation of cytological findings. This is your perfect practical bench resource for daily reference in the laboratory. Provides practical tips and advice on how to avoid pitfalls and ensure accurate diagnoses. Over 1,200 colour illustrations capture each entity’s cellular, morphological and immunohistochemical appearance. Chapters have been up-dated and revised and a brand new one on cytological findings in infectious diseases added. Both MGG and Pap smears illustrated in parallel as well as the corresponding histology to help provide side-by-side analysis. Access the full text online and download images via Expert Consult. Brand new chapter on cytological findings in infectious diseases. Inclusion of immuno-profiles and other relevant ancillary tests. New illustrations. New contributing authors. Available online via Expert Consult.