Corrosion Under Insulation Guidelines

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Corrosion Under Insulation (CUI) Guidelines

Corrosion Under Insulation (CUI) Guidelines
  • Author : S Winnik
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2014-01-23
  • Total pages :176
  • ISBN : 1845694279
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Summary : Corrosion under insulation (CUI) refers to the external corrosion of piping and vessels that occurs underneath externally clad/jacketed insulation as a result of the penetration of water. By its very nature CUI tends to remain undetected until the insulation and cladding/jacketing is removed to allow inspection or when leaks occur. CUI is a common problem shared by the refining, petrochemical, power, industrial, onshore and offshore industries. The European Federation of Corrosion (EFC) Working Parties WP13 and WP15 have worked to provide guidelines on managing CUI together with a number of major European refining, petrochemical and offshore companies including BP, Chevron-Texaco, Conoco-Phillips, ENI, Exxon-Mobil, IFP, MOL, Scanraff, Statoil, Shell, Total and Borealis. The guidelines within this document are intended for use on all plants and installations that contain insulated vessels, piping and equipment. The guidelines cover a risk-based inspection methodology for CUI, inspection techniques (including non-destructive evaluation methods) and recommended best practice for mitigating CUI, including design of plant and equipment, coatings and the use of thermal spray techniques, types of insulation, cladding/jacketing materials and protection guards. The guidelines also include case studies. Guidelines cover inspection methodology for CUI, inspection techniques, including non-destructive evaluation methods and recommended best practice Case studies are included illustrating key points in the book

Corrosion Under Insulation (CUI) Guidelines

Corrosion Under Insulation (CUI) Guidelines
  • Author : Gino De Landtsheer
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2020-08-22
  • Total pages :180
  • ISBN : 0128233362
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Summary : Corrosion Under Insulation (CUI) Guidelines: Technical Guide for Managing CUI, Third Edition, Volume 55 builds upon the success of the first two editions to provide a fully up-to-date, practical source of information on how to monitor and manage insulated systems. In the first edition of this book published in 2008, the EFC Working Parties WP13 and WP15 engaged together to provide guidelines on managing CUI with contributions from a number of European refining, petrochemical, and offshore companies. The guidelines were intended for use on all plants and installations that contain insulated vessels, piping, and equipment, and cover a risk-based inspection methodology for CUI, inspection techniques, and recommended best practices for mitigating CUI. The guidelines include design of plant and equipment, coatings and the use of thermal spray techniques, types of insulation, cladding/jacketing materials, and protection guards. Corrosion-under-insulation (CUI) refers to the external corrosion of piping and vessels that occurs underneath externally clad/jacketed insulation as a result of the penetration of water. By its very nature CUI tends to remain undetected until the insulation and cladding/jacketing is removed to allow inspection, or when leaks occur. CUI is a common problem shared by the refining, petrochemical, power, industrial, onshore and offshore industries. Provides revised and updated technical guidance on managing CUI provided by EFC Working Parties 13 and 15 Discusses the standard approach to risk based inspection methodology Presents the argument that CUI is everywhere, and looks at mitigating actions that can be started from the onset Includes a wide array of concepts of corrosion mitigation

Corrosion Under Insulation (CUI) Guidelines

Corrosion Under Insulation (CUI) Guidelines
  • Author : S Winnik
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2015-11-26
  • Total pages :162
  • ISBN : 0081007396
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Summary : Corrosion-under-insulation (CUI) refers to the external corrosion of piping and vessels that occurs underneath externally clad/jacketed insulation as a result of the penetration of water. By its very nature CUI tends to remain undetected until the insulation and cladding/jacketing is removed to allow inspection or when leaks occur. CUI is a common problem shared by the refining, petrochemical, power, industrial, onshore and offshore industries. In the first edition of this book published in 2008, the EFC Working Parties WP13 and WP15 engaged together to provide guidelines on managing CUI with contributions from a number of European refining, petrochemical and offshore companies. The guidelines are intended for use on all plants and installation that contain insulated vessels, piping and equipment. The guidelines cover a risk-based inspection methodology for CUI, inspection techniques and recommended best practice for mitigating CUI, including design of plant and equipment, coatings and the use of thermal spray techniques, types of insulation, cladding/jacketing materials and protection guards. The guidelines also include case studies. The original document first published in 2008 was very successful and provided an important resource in the continuing battle to mitigate CUI. Many members of the EFC corrosion community requested an update and this has taken between 18-24 months to do so. Hopefully this revised document will continue to serve the community providing a practical source of information on how to monitor and manage insulated systems. Revised and fully updated technical guidance on managing CUI provided by EFC Working Parties WP13 and WP 15 Contributions from a number of European refining, petrochemical and offshore companies Extensive appendices that provide additional practical guidance on the implementation of corrosion-under-insulation best practice, collected practical expertise and case studies

Thermal Insulation Handbook for the Oil, Gas, and Petrochemical Industries

Thermal Insulation Handbook for the Oil, Gas, and Petrochemical Industries
  • Author : Alireza Bahadori
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2014-03-14
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 0128007850
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Summary : Thermal Insulation Handbook for the Oil and Gas Industries addresses relative design, materials, procedures, and standard installation necessities for various oil and gas infrastructure such as pipelines, subsea equipment, vessels, and tanks. With the continued increase in available natural gas ready to export — especially LNG — and the definition of "deepwater" changing every year, an understanding of thermal insulation is more critical than ever. This one-of-a-kind handbook helps oil and gas engineers ensure that their products are exporting safely and that the equipment's integrity is protected. Topics include: Design considerations and component selection, including newer materials such as cellular glass Methods to properly install the insulation material and notable inspection and safety considerations in accordance with applicable US and international standards, specifically designed for the oil and gas industry Calculations to make sure that every scenario is considered and requirements for size, composition, and packaging are met effectively Understand all appropriate, new and existing, insulation material properties as well as installation requirements Gain practical knowledge on factors affecting insulation efficiency, rules of thumb, and links to real-world case studies Maximize flow assurance safely and economically with critical calculations provided

Corrosion and Conservation of Cultural Heritage Metallic Artefacts

Corrosion and Conservation of Cultural Heritage Metallic Artefacts
  • Author : P Dillmann,D Watkinson,E Angelini,A Adriaens
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2013-07-31
  • Total pages :640
  • ISBN : 1782421572
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Summary : The conservation of metallic archaeological and historic artefacts is a major challenge whether they are ancient bronzes or relics of our more recent industrial past. Based on the work of Working Party 21 Corrosion of Archaeological and Historical Artefacts within the European Federation of Corrosion (EFC), this important book summarises key recent research on analytical techniques, understanding corrosion processes and preventing the corrosion of cultural heritage metallic artefacts. After an introductory part on some of the key issues in this area, part two reviews the range of analytical techniques for measuring and analysing corrosion processes, including time resolved spectroelectrochemistry, voltammetry and laser induced breakdown spectroscopy. Part three reviews different types of corrosion processes for a range of artefacts, whilst part four discusses on-site monitoring techniques. The final part of the book summaries a range of conservation techniques and strategies to conserve cultural heritage metallic artefacts. Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts is an important reference for all those involved in archaeology and conservation, including governments, museums as well as those undertaking research in archaeology and corrosion science. Summarises key research on analytical techniques for measuring and analysing corrosion processes Provides detailed understanding of corrosion processes and corrosion prevention Discusses on-site monitoring techniques

Corrosion Control in the Oil and Gas Industry

Corrosion Control in the Oil and Gas Industry
  • Author : Sankara Papavinasam
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2013-10-15
  • Total pages :1020
  • ISBN : 0123973066
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Summary : The effect of corrosion in the oil industry leads to the failure of parts. This failure results in shutting down the plant to clean the facility. The annual cost of corrosion to the oil and gas industry in the United States alone is estimated at $27 billion (According to NACE International)—leading some to estimate the global annual cost to the oil and gas industry as exceeding $60 billion. In addition, corrosion commonly causes serious environmental problems, such as spills and releases. An essential resource for all those who are involved in the corrosion management of oil and gas infrastructure, Corrosion Control in the Oil and Gas Industry provides engineers and designers with the tools and methods to design and implement comprehensive corrosion-management programs for oil and gas infrastructures. The book addresses all segments of the industry, including production, transmission, storage, refining and distribution. Selects cost-effective methods to control corrosion Quantitatively measures and estimates corrosion rates Treats oil and gas infrastructures as systems in order to avoid the impacts that changes to one segment if a corrosion management program may have on others Provides a gateway to more than 1,000 industry best practices and international standards

Corrosion of Metals Under Thermal Insulation

Corrosion of Metals Under Thermal Insulation
  • Author : Warren I. Pollock
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :1985
  • Total pages :242
  • ISBN : 9780803104167
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Summary :

Trends in Oil and Gas Corrosion Research and Technologies

Trends in Oil and Gas Corrosion Research and Technologies
  • Author : A. M. El-Sherik
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2017-06-09
  • Total pages :926
  • ISBN : 0081012195
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Summary : Trends in Oil and Gas Corrosion Research and Technologies: Production and Transmission delivers the most up-to-date and highly multidisciplinary reference available to identify emerging developments, fundamental mechanisms and the technologies necessary in one unified source. Starting with a brief explanation on corrosion management that also addresses today’s most challenging issues for oil and gas production and transmission operations, the book dives into the latest advances in microbiology-influenced corrosion and other corrosion threats, such as stress corrosion cracking and hydrogen damage just to name a few. In addition, it covers testing and monitoring techniques, such as molecular microbiology and online monitoring for surface and subsurface facilities, mitigation tools, including coatings, nano-packaged biocides, modeling and prediction, cathodic protection and new steels and non-metallics. Rounding out with an extensive glossary and list of abbreviations, the book equips upstream and midstream corrosion professionals in the oil and gas industry with the most advanced collection of topics and solutions to responsibly help solve today’s oil and gas corrosion challenges. Covers the latest in corrosion mitigation techniques, such as corrosion inhibitors, biocides, non-metallics, coatings, and modeling and prediction Solves knowledge gaps with the most current technology and discoveries on specific corrosion mechanisms, highlighting where future research and industry efforts should be concentrated Achieves practical and balanced understanding with a full spectrum of subjects presented from multiple academic and world-renowned contributors in the industry

Metallurgy and Corrosion Control in Oil and Gas Production

Metallurgy and Corrosion Control in Oil and Gas Production
  • Author : Robert Heidersbach
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2018-09-17
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 1119252385
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Summary : Details the proper methods to assess, prevent, and reduce corrosion in the oil industry using today's most advanced technologies This book discusses upstream operations, with an emphasis on production, and pipelines, which are closely tied to upstream operations. It also examines protective coatings, alloy selection, chemical treatments, and cathodic protection—the main means of corrosion control. The strength and hardness levels of metals is also discussed, as this affects the resistance of metals to hydrogen embrittlement, a major concern for high-strength steels and some other alloys. It is intended for use by personnel with limited backgrounds in chemistry, metallurgy, and corrosion and will give them a general understanding of how and why corrosion occurs and the practical approaches to how the effects of corrosion can be mitigated. Metallurgy and Corrosion Control in Oil and Gas Production, Second Edition updates the original chapters while including a new case studies chapter. Beginning with an introduction to oilfield metallurgy and corrosion control, the book provides in-depth coverage of the field with chapters on: chemistry of corrosion; corrosive environments; materials; forms of corrosion; corrosion control; inspection, monitoring, and testing; and oilfield equipment. Covers all aspects of upstream oil and gas production from downhole drilling to pipelines and tanker terminal operations Offers an introduction to corrosion for entry-level corrosion control specialists Contains detailed photographs to illustrate descriptions in the text Metallurgy and Corrosion Control in Oil and Gas Production, Second Edition is an excellent book for engineers and related professionals in the oil and gas production industries. It will also be an asset to the entry-level corrosion control professional who may have a theoretical background in metallurgy, chemistry, or a related field, but who needs to understand the practical limitations of large-scale industrial operations associated with oil and gas production.

Corrosion Atlas

Corrosion Atlas
  • Author : Evert D. D. During
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :1991
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9780444890931
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Summary : The supplemental material, which upgrades the first edition to make its contents equal to the second edition, contains 162 new case histories with full colour illustrations and a number of revisions.

Proceedings of the TMS Middle East - Mediterranean Materials Congress on Energy and Infrastructure Systems (MEMA 2015)

Proceedings of the TMS Middle East - Mediterranean Materials Congress on Energy and Infrastructure Systems (MEMA 2015)
  • Author : Ibrahim Karaman,Raymundo Arróyave,Eyad Masad
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2016-12-06
  • Total pages :543
  • ISBN : 3319487663
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Summary : This is a collection of papers presented at The TMS Middle East - Mediterranean Materials Congress on Energy and Infrastructure Systems (MEMA 2015), a conference organized by The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS) and held in Doha, Qatar. The event focused on new materials research and development in applications of interest for Qatar and the entire Middle East and Mediterranean region. The papers in this collection are divided into five sections: (1) Sustainable Infrastructure Materials; (2) Computational Materials Design; (3) Materials for Energy Conversion and Storage; (4) Lightweight and High Performance Materials; and (5) Materials for Energy Extraction and Storage: Shape Memory Alloys.

Corrosion Inspection and Monitoring

Corrosion Inspection and Monitoring
  • Author : Pierre R. Roberge
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2007-02-09
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 0470099755
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Summary : The comprehensive reference on modern techniques and methods for monitoring and inspecting corrosion Strategic corrosion inspection and monitoring can improve asset management and life cycle assessment and optimize operational budgets. Advances in computer technologies and electronics have led to very efficient tools for monitoring and inspecting corrosion, including impedance spectroscopy, electrical field signatures, acoustic emissions, and radiographs. This up-to-date reference explains both intrusive and non-intrusive methods of measuring corrosion rates. It covers: The impact of corrosion on the economy and the safe operation of systems in diverse operational environments The various forms of corrosion, with a focus on the detectability of corrosion damage in the real world The principles of risk-based inspection and various risk assessment methodologies (HAZOP, FMECA, FTA, and ETA), with examples from industry The monitoring of microbiologically induced corrosion (MIC), cathodic protection (CP) systems, and atmospheric corrosion Non-destructive evaluation (NDE) techniques, including visual, ultrasonic, radiographic, electromagnetic, and thermographic inspection Roadmaps used by various industries and organizations for carrying out complex inspection and monitoring schedules Complete with graphics and illustrations, this is the definitive reference for professionals involved in the maintenance of industrial systems and structures, from oil exploration to chemical plants and infrastructures; consultants; property managers; and civil, materials, and construction engineers.

Process Industries Corrosion

Process Industries Corrosion
  • Author : B. J. Moniz
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :1986
  • Total pages :893
  • ISBN :
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Infrared Thermography: Electrical and Industrial Applications

Infrared Thermography: Electrical and Industrial Applications
  • Author : Davide Lanzoni
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2015-05-10
  • Total pages :228
  • ISBN : 9781511836678
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Summary : The volume is a theoretical and practical manual for thermographic inspections in electrical and industrial field. It contains 230 pages of theory and practical informations about guidelines, criteria, applications in electrical and industrial surveys.In the early chapters the book provides the physical basis of thermography, the technical characteristics of the cameras and their meanings, and the basic measurement techniques (emissivity, reflected ambient temperature, transimissivity).We then move on to the examination of the main applications in the electrical and industrial, where thermography is covering an increasingly important as a technique of predictive maintenance. Through it possible investigations into the electrical connections, phase imbalances, overloads, loss of isolation and physical damage to the conductors, the normal plants in the low voltage transformer substations.Are also possible investigations on electric motors, where you can find not only the loss of insulation in the windings but also imbalances and other mechanical problems.Other applications, of growing interesting, concern photovoltaic systems and data centers.In other industries we examine the applications in the chemical and petrochemical industries, and in general in industrial process control.The book contains many pictures of real cases and references to foreign technical standards, with criteria for classifying the severity of thermal anomalies and mathematical examples of application: in the US thermography technique has been recognized as valid by the NFPA (National Fire Protection Agency) for preventing fires of electrical origin, and the major insurance companies promote the application of thermography surveys.Other chapter covers miscellaneous applications such detecting corrosion under insulation, faults in steam traps, measuring furnace tubes, gas leak detection, refractory damage, checking level in vessels, temperature control in moulds, inspecting fiberglass and wooden boats for osmosis and humidity.

Plant Design and Operations

Plant Design and Operations
  • Author : Ian Sutton
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2014-10-06
  • Total pages :408
  • ISBN : 0323311474
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Summary : Plant Design and Operations provides practical guidance on the design, operation, and maintenance of process facilities. The book is based on years of hands-on experience gathered during the design and operation of a wide range of facilities in many different types of industry including chemicals, refining, offshore oil and gas, and pipelines. The book helps managers, engineers, operators, and maintenance specialists with advice and guidance that can be used right away in working situations. Each chapter provides information and guidance that can be used immediately. For example, the chapter on Energy Control Procedures describes seven levels of positive isolation — ranging from a closed block valve all the way to double block and bleed with line break. The Safety in Design chapter describes topics such as area classification, fire protection, stairways and platforms, fixed ladders, emergency showers, lighting, and alarms. Other areas covered in detail by the book include security, equipment, and transportation. A logical, practical guide to maintenance task organization is provided, from conducting a Job Hazards Analysis to the issue of a work permit, and to the shutdown and isolation of equipment. Common hazards are covered in detail, including flow problems, high pressure, corrosion, power failure, and many more. Provides information to managers, engineers, operators and maintenance personnel which is immediately applicable to their operations Supported by useful, real-world examples and experience from a wide range of facilities and industries Includes guidance on occupational health and safety, industrial hygiene and personal protective equipment

Federal Cloud Computing

Federal Cloud Computing
  • Author : Matthew Metheny
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2012-12-31
  • Total pages :448
  • ISBN : 1597497398
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Summary : Federal Cloud Computing: The Definitive Guide for Cloud Service Providers offers an in-depth look at topics surrounding federal cloud computing within the federal government, including the Federal Cloud Computing Strategy, Cloud Computing Standards, Security and Privacy, and Security Automation. You will learn the basics of the NIST risk management framework (RMF) with a specific focus on cloud computing environments, all aspects of the Federal Risk and Authorization Management Program (FedRAMP) process, and steps for cost-effectively implementing the Assessment and Authorization (A&A) process, as well as strategies for implementing Continuous Monitoring, enabling the Cloud Service Provider to address the FedRAMP requirement on an ongoing basis. Provides a common understanding of the federal requirements as they apply to cloud computing Provides a targeted and cost-effective approach for applying the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Risk Management Framework (RMF) Provides both technical and non-technical perspectives of the Federal Assessment and Authorization (A&A) process that speaks across the organization

Atmospheric Corrosion

Atmospheric Corrosion
  • Author : Christofer Leygraf,Inger Odnevall Wallinder,Johan Tidblad,Thomas Graedel
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2016-06-07
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 1118762347
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Summary : Presents a comprehensive look at atmospheric corrosion, combining expertise in corrosion science and atmospheric chemistry Is an invaluable resource for corrosion scientists, corrosion engineers, and anyone interested in the theory and application of Atmospheric Corrosion Updates and expands topics covered to include, international exposure programs and the environmental effects of atmospheric corrosion Covers basic principles and theory of atmospheric corrosion chemistry as well as corrosion mechanisms in controlled and uncontrolled environments Details degradation of materials in architectural and structural applications, electronic devices, and cultural artifacts Includes appendices with data on specific materials, experimental techniques, atmospheric species

Radioisotope Techniques for Problem-Solving in Industrial Process Plants

Radioisotope Techniques for Problem-Solving in Industrial Process Plants
  • Author : J.S. Charlton
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 9400940734
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Review of the Bureau of Reclamation's Corrosion Prevention Standards for Ductile Iron Pipe

Review of the Bureau of Reclamation's Corrosion Prevention Standards for Ductile Iron Pipe
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Materials Advisory Board,Committee on the Review of the Bureau of Reclamation's Corrosion Prevention Standards for Ductile Iron Pipe
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2009-11-19
  • Total pages :186
  • ISBN : 9780309147880
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Summary : Ductile iron pipe (DIP) was introduced about 50 years ago as a more economical and better-performing product for water transmission and distribution. As with iron or steel pipes, DIP is subject to corrosion, the rate of which depends on the environment in which the pipe is placed. Corrosion mitigation protocols are employed to slow the corrosion process to an acceptable rate for the application. When to use corrosion mitigation systems, and which system, depends on the corrosivity of the soils in which the pipeline is buried. The Bureau of Reclamation's specification for DIP in highly corrosive soil has been contested by some as an overly stringent requirement, necessitating the pipe to be modified from its as-manufactured state and thereby adding unnecessary cost to a pipeline system. This book evaluates the specifications in question and presents findings and recommendations. Specifically, the authoring committee answers the following questions: Does polyethylene encasement with cathodic protection work on ductile iron pipe installed in highly corrosive soils? Will polyethylene encasement and cathodic protection reliably provide a minimum service life of 50 years? What possible alternative corrosion mitigation methods for DIP would provide a service life of 50 years?

Pipeline Coatings

Pipeline Coatings
  • Author : Y. Frank Cheng,Richard Norsworthy
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date :2019-06-20
  • Total pages :243
  • ISBN : 9781575903354
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Summary : Starts with a history of generic pipeline coating types and technical information about use. Practical information about selection and evaluation for each type of coating system is provided. Discussion of how coatings work with cathodic protection, CP shielding by coatings and other related issues with the various coating systems related to CP.