# Conformal Prediction For Reliable Machine Learning

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## Conformal Prediction for Reliable Machine Learning

- Author : Vineeth Balasubramanian,Shen-Shyang Ho,Vladimir Vovk
- Publisher :
- Release Date :2014-04-23
- Total pages :334
- ISBN : 0124017150

**Summary :** The conformal predictions framework is a recent development in machine learning that can associate a reliable measure of confidence with a prediction in any real-world pattern recognition application, including risk-sensitive applications such as medical diagnosis, face recognition, and financial risk prediction. Conformal Predictions for Reliable Machine Learning: Theory, Adaptations and Applications captures the basic theory of the framework, demonstrates how to apply it to real-world problems, and presents several adaptations, including active learning, change detection, and anomaly detection. As practitioners and researchers around the world apply and adapt the framework, this edited volume brings together these bodies of work, providing a springboard for further research as well as a handbook for application in real-world problems. Understand the theoretical foundations of this important framework that can provide a reliable measure of confidence with predictions in machine learning Be able to apply this framework to real-world problems in different machine learning settings, including classification, regression, and clustering Learn effective ways of adapting the framework to newer problem settings, such as active learning, model selection, or change detection

## Conformal Prediction for Reliable Machine Learning

- Author : Vineeth Balasubramanian,Shen-Shyang Ho,Vladimir Vovk
- Publisher :
- Release Date :2014
- Total pages :298
- ISBN : 9780123985378

**Summary :** "Traditional, low-dimensional, small scale data have been successfully dealt with using conventional software engineering and classical statistical methods, such as discriminant analysis, neural networks, genetic algorithms and others. But the change of scale in data collection and the dimensionality of modern data sets has profound implications on the type of analysis that can be done. Recently several kernel-based machine learning algorithms have been developed for dealing with high-dimensional problems, where a large number of features could cause a combinatorial explosion. These methods are quickly gaining popularity, and it is widely believed that they will help to meet the challenge of analysing very large data sets. Learning machines often perform well in a wide range of applications and have nice theoretical properties without requiring any parametric statistical assumption about the source of data (unlike traditional statistical techniques). However, a typical drawback of many machine learning algorithms is that they usually do not provide any useful measure of con dence in the predicted labels of new, unclassi ed examples. Con dence estimation is a well-studied area of both parametric and non-parametric statistics; however, usually only low-dimensional problems are considered"--

## Algorithmic Learning in a Random World

- Author : Vladimir Vovk,Alexander Gammerman,Glenn Shafer
- Publisher :
- Release Date :2005-03-22
- Total pages :324
- ISBN : 9780387001524

**Summary :** Algorithmic Learning in a Random World describes recent theoretical and experimental developments in building computable approximations to Kolmogorov's algorithmic notion of randomness. Based on these approximations, a new set of machine learning algorithms have been developed that can be used to make predictions and to estimate their confidence and credibility in high-dimensional spaces under the usual assumption that the data are independent and identically distributed (assumption of randomness). Another aim of this unique monograph is to outline some limits of predictions: The approach based on algorithmic theory of randomness allows for the proof of impossibility of prediction in certain situations. The book describes how several important machine learning problems, such as density estimation in high-dimensional spaces, cannot be solved if the only assumption is randomness.

## Conformal and Probabilistic Prediction with Applications

- Author : Alexander Gammerman,Zhiyuan Luo,Jesús Vega,Vladimir Vovk
- Publisher :
- Release Date :2016-04-16
- Total pages :229
- ISBN : 331933395X

**Summary :** This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Conformal and Probabilistic Prediction with Applications, COPA 2016, held in Madrid, Spain, in April 2016. The 14 revised full papers presented together with 1 invited paper were carefully reviewed and selected from 23 submissions and cover topics on theory of conformal prediction; applications of conformal prediction; and machine learning.

## Information Processing and Management of Uncertainty in Knowledge-Based Systems

- Author : Marie-Jeanne Lesot,Susana Vieira,Marek Z. Reformat,João Paulo Carvalho,Anna Wilbik,Bernadette Bouchon-Meunier,Ronald R. Yager
- Publisher :
- Release Date :2020-06-05
- Total pages :833
- ISBN : 3030501531

**Summary :** This three volume set (CCIS 1237-1239) constitutes the proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Information Processing and Management of Uncertainty in Knowledge-Based Systems, IPMU 2020, in June 2020. The conference was scheduled to take place in Lisbon, Portugal, at University of Lisbon, but due to COVID-19 pandemic it was held virtually. The 173 papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 213 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections: homage to Enrique Ruspini; invited talks; foundations and mathematics; decision making, preferences and votes; optimization and uncertainty; games; real world applications; knowledge processing and creation; machine learning I; machine learning II; XAI; image processing; temporal data processing; text analysis and processing; fuzzy interval analysis; theoretical and applied aspects of imprecise probabilities; similarities in artificial intelligence; belief function theory and its applications; aggregation: theory and practice; aggregation: pre-aggregation functions and other generalizations of monotonicity; aggregation: aggregation of different data structures; fuzzy methods in data mining and knowledge discovery; computational intelligence for logistics and transportation problems; fuzzy implication functions; soft methods in statistics and data analysis; image understanding and explainable AI; fuzzy and generalized quantifier theory; mathematical methods towards dealing with uncertainty in applied sciences; statistical image processing and analysis, with applications in neuroimaging; interval uncertainty; discrete models and computational intelligence; current techniques to model, process and describe time series; mathematical fuzzy logic and graded reasoning models; formal concept analysis, rough sets, general operators and related topics; computational intelligence methods in information modelling, representation and processing.

## Statistical Learning and Data Sciences

- Author : Alexander Gammerman,Vladimir Vovk,Harris Papadopoulos
- Publisher :
- Release Date :2015-04-02
- Total pages :444
- ISBN : 3319170910

**Summary :** This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Statistical Learning and Data Sciences, SLDS 2015, held in Egham, Surrey, UK, April 2015. The 36 revised full papers presented together with 2 invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 59 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on statistical learning and its applications, conformal prediction and its applications, new frontiers in data analysis for nuclear fusion, and geometric data analysis.

## Conformal and Probabilistic Prediction with Applications

- Author : Alexander Gammerman,Zhiyuan Luo,Jesús Vega,Vladimir Vovk
- Publisher :
- Release Date :2016-04-16
- Total pages :229
- ISBN : 331933395X

**Summary :** This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Conformal and Probabilistic Prediction with Applications, COPA 2016, held in Madrid, Spain, in April 2016. The 14 revised full papers presented together with 1 invited paper were carefully reviewed and selected from 23 submissions and cover topics on theory of conformal prediction; applications of conformal prediction; and machine learning.

## Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations

- Author : Lazaros Iliadis,Ilias Maglogiannis,Harris Papadopoulos,Spyros Sioutas,Christos Makris
- Publisher :
- Release Date :2014-09-15
- Total pages :352
- ISBN : 3662447223

**Summary :** This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of four AIAI 2014 workshops, co-located with the 10th IFIP WG 12.5 International Conference on Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations, AIAI 2014, held in Rhodes, Greece, in September 2014: the Third Workshop on Intelligent Innovative Ways for Video-to-Video Communications in Modern Smart Cities, IIVC 2014; the Third Workshop on Mining Humanistic Data, MHDW 2014; the Third Workshop on Conformal Prediction and Its Applications, CoPA 2014; and the First Workshop on New Methods and Tools for Big Data, MT4BD 2014. The 36 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. They cover a large range of topics in basic AI research approaches and applications in real world scenarios.

## Advances and Trends in Artificial Intelligence. From Theory to Practice

- Author : Franz Wotawa,Gerhard Friedrich,Ingo Pill,Roxane Koitz-Hristov,Moonis Ali
- Publisher :
- Release Date :2019-06-28
- Total pages :865
- ISBN : 3030229998

**Summary :** This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the 32nd International Conference on Industrial, Engineering and Other Applications of Applied Intelligent Systems, IEA/AIE 2019, held in Graz, Austria, in July 2019. The 41 full papers and 32 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 151 submissions. The IEA/AIE 2019 conference will continue the tradition of emphasizing on applications of applied intelligent systems to solve real-life problems in all areas. These areas include engineering, science, industry, automation and robotics, business and finance, medicine and biomedicine, bioinformatics, cyberspace, and human-machine interactions. IEA/AIE 2019 will have a special focus on automated driving and autonomous systems and also contributions dealing with such systems or their verification and validation as well.

## Machine Learning in Non-Stationary Environments

- Author : Masashi Sugiyama,Motoaki Kawanabe
- Publisher :
- Release Date :2012-03-30
- Total pages :280
- ISBN : 0262300435

**Summary :** Theory, algorithms, and applications of machine learning techniques to overcome “covariate shift” non-stationarity. As the power of computing has grown over the past few decades, the field of machine learning has advanced rapidly in both theory and practice. Machine learning methods are usually based on the assumption that the data generation mechanism does not change over time. Yet real-world applications of machine learning, including image recognition, natural language processing, speech recognition, robot control, and bioinformatics, often violate this common assumption. Dealing with non-stationarity is one of modern machine learning's greatest challenges. This book focuses on a specific non-stationary environment known as covariate shift, in which the distributions of inputs (queries) change but the conditional distribution of outputs (answers) is unchanged, and presents machine learning theory, algorithms, and applications to overcome this variety of non-stationarity. After reviewing the state-of-the-art research in the field, the authors discuss topics that include learning under covariate shift, model selection, importance estimation, and active learning. They describe such real world applications of covariate shift adaption as brain-computer interface, speaker identification, and age prediction from facial images. With this book, they aim to encourage future research in machine learning, statistics, and engineering that strives to create truly autonomous learning machines able to learn under non-stationarity.

## Nonlinear Signal and Image Processing

- Author : Kenneth E. Barner,Gonzalo R. Arce
- Publisher :
- Release Date :2003-11-24
- Total pages :560
- ISBN : 0203010418

**Summary :** Nonlinear signal and image processing methods are fast emerging as an alternative to established linear methods for meeting the challenges of increasingly sophisticated applications. Advances in computing performance and nonlinear theory are making nonlinear techniques not only viable, but practical. This book details recent advances in nonl

## Probability and Finance

- Author : Glenn Shafer,Vladimir Vovk
- Publisher :
- Release Date :2005-03-11
- Total pages :440
- ISBN : 0471461717

**Summary :** Provides a foundation for probability based on game theory ratherthan measure theory. A strong philosophical approach with practicalapplications. Presents in-depth coverage of classical probability theory aswell as new theory.

## Measures of Complexity

- Author : Vladimir Vovk,Harris Papadopoulos,Alexander Gammerman
- Publisher :
- Release Date :2015-09-03
- Total pages :399
- ISBN : 3319218522

**Summary :** This book brings together historical notes, reviews of research developments, fresh ideas on how to make VC (Vapnik–Chervonenkis) guarantees tighter, and new technical contributions in the areas of machine learning, statistical inference, classification, algorithmic statistics, and pattern recognition. The contributors are leading scientists in domains such as statistics, mathematics, and theoretical computer science, and the book will be of interest to researchers and graduate students in these domains.

## Python: Advanced Guide to Artificial Intelligence

- Author : Giuseppe Bonaccorso,Armando Fandango,Rajalingappaa Shanmugamani
- Publisher :
- Release Date :2018-12-21
- Total pages :764
- ISBN : 1789951720

**Summary :** Demystify the complexity of machine learning techniques and create evolving, clever solutions to solve your problems Key Features Master supervised, unsupervised, and semi-supervised ML algorithms and their implementation Build deep learning models for object detection, image classification, similarity learning, and more Build, deploy, and scale end-to-end deep neural network models in a production environment Book Description This Learning Path is your complete guide to quickly getting to grips with popular machine learning algorithms. You'll be introduced to the most widely used algorithms in supervised, unsupervised, and semi-supervised machine learning, and learn how to use them in the best possible manner. Ranging from Bayesian models to the MCMC algorithm to Hidden Markov models, this Learning Path will teach you how to extract features from your dataset and perform dimensionality reduction by making use of Python-based libraries. You'll bring the use of TensorFlow and Keras to build deep learning models, using concepts such as transfer learning, generative adversarial networks, and deep reinforcement learning. Next, you'll learn the advanced features of TensorFlow1.x, such as distributed TensorFlow with TF clusters, deploy production models with TensorFlow Serving. You'll implement different techniques related to object classification, object detection, image segmentation, and more. By the end of this Learning Path, you'll have obtained in-depth knowledge of TensorFlow, making you the go-to person for solving artificial intelligence problems This Learning Path includes content from the following Packt products: Mastering Machine Learning Algorithms by Giuseppe Bonaccorso Mastering TensorFlow 1.x by Armando Fandango Deep Learning for Computer Vision by Rajalingappaa Shanmugamani What you will learn Explore how an ML model can be trained, optimized, and evaluated Work with Autoencoders and Generative Adversarial Networks Explore the most important Reinforcement Learning techniques Build end-to-end deep learning (CNN, RNN, and Autoencoders) models Who this book is for This Learning Path is for data scientists, machine learning engineers, artificial intelligence engineers who want to delve into complex machine learning algorithms, calibrate models, and improve the predictions of the trained model. You will encounter the advanced intricacies and complex use cases of deep learning and AI. A basic knowledge of programming in Python and some understanding of machine learning concepts are required to get the best out of this Learning Path.

## Learning from Imbalanced Data Sets

- Author : Alberto Fernández,Salvador García,Mikel Galar,Ronaldo C. Prati,Bartosz Krawczyk,Francisco Herrera
- Publisher :
- Release Date :2018-10-22
- Total pages :377
- ISBN : 3319980742

**Summary :** This book provides a general and comprehensible overview of imbalanced learning. It contains a formal description of a problem, and focuses on its main features, and the most relevant proposed solutions. Additionally, it considers the different scenarios in Data Science for which the imbalanced classification can create a real challenge. This book stresses the gap with standard classification tasks by reviewing the case studies and ad-hoc performance metrics that are applied in this area. It also covers the different approaches that have been traditionally applied to address the binary skewed class distribution. Specifically, it reviews cost-sensitive learning, data-level preprocessing methods and algorithm-level solutions, taking also into account those ensemble-learning solutions that embed any of the former alternatives. Furthermore, it focuses on the extension of the problem for multi-class problems, where the former classical methods are no longer to be applied in a straightforward way. This book also focuses on the data intrinsic characteristics that are the main causes which, added to the uneven class distribution, truly hinders the performance of classification algorithms in this scenario. Then, some notes on data reduction are provided in order to understand the advantages related to the use of this type of approaches. Finally this book introduces some novel areas of study that are gathering a deeper attention on the imbalanced data issue. Specifically, it considers the classification of data streams, non-classical classification problems, and the scalability related to Big Data. Examples of software libraries and modules to address imbalanced classification are provided. This book is highly suitable for technical professionals, senior undergraduate and graduate students in the areas of data science, computer science and engineering. It will also be useful for scientists and researchers to gain insight on the current developments in this area of study, as well as future research directions.

## The Nature of Statistical Learning Theory

- Author : Vladimir N. Vapnik
- Publisher :
- Release Date :2013-04-17
- Total pages :188
- ISBN : 1475724403

**Summary :** The aim of this book is to discuss the fundamental ideas which lie behind the statistical theory of learning and generalization. It considers learning from the general point of view of function estimation based on empirical data. Omitting proofs and technical details, the author concentrates on discussing the main results of learning theory and their connections to fundamental problems in statistics. These include: - the general setting of learning problems and the general model of minimizing the risk functional from empirical data - a comprehensive analysis of the empirical risk minimization principle and shows how this allows for the construction of necessary and sufficient conditions for consistency - non-asymptotic bounds for the risk achieved using the empirical risk minimization principle - principles for controlling the generalization ability of learning machines using small sample sizes - introducing a new type of universal learning machine that controls the generalization ability.

## Braverman Readings in Machine Learning. Key Ideas from Inception to Current State

- Author : Lev Rozonoer,Boris Mirkin,Ilya Muchnik
- Publisher :
- Release Date :2018-08-30
- Total pages :353
- ISBN : 3319994921

**Summary :** This state-of-the-art survey is dedicated to the memory of Emmanuil Markovich Braverman (1931-1977), a pioneer in developing machine learning theory. The 12 revised full papers and 4 short papers included in this volume were presented at the conference "Braverman Readings in Machine Learning: Key Ideas from Inception to Current State" held in Boston, MA, USA, in April 2017, commemorating the 40th anniversary of Emmanuil Braverman's decease. The papers present an overview of some of Braverman's ideas and approaches. The collection is divided in three parts. The first part bridges the past and the present and covers the concept of kernel function and its application to signal and image analysis as well as clustering. The second part presents a set of extensions of Braverman's work to issues of current interest both in theory and applications of machine learning. The third part includes short essays by a friend, a student, and a colleague.

## Pattern Recognition and Machine Learning

- Author : Christopher M. Bishop
- Publisher :
- Release Date :2016-08-23
- Total pages :738
- ISBN : 9781493938438

**Summary :** This is the first textbook on pattern recognition to present the Bayesian viewpoint. The book presents approximate inference algorithms that permit fast approximate answers in situations where exact answers are not feasible. It uses graphical models to describe probability distributions when no other books apply graphical models to machine learning. No previous knowledge of pattern recognition or machine learning concepts is assumed. Familiarity with multivariate calculus and basic linear algebra is required, and some experience in the use of probabilities would be helpful though not essential as the book includes a self-contained introduction to basic probability theory.

## Machine Learning and Data Mining

- Author : Igor Kononenko,Matjaz Kukar
- Publisher :
- Release Date :2007-05-14
- Total pages :454
- ISBN : 9781904275213

**Summary :** Good data mining practice for business intelligence (the art of turning raw software into meaningful information) is demonstrated by the many new techniques and developments in the conversion of fresh scientific discovery into widely accessible software solutions. Written as an introduction to the main issues associated with the basics of machine learning and the algorithms used in data mining, this text is suitable foradvanced undergraduates, postgraduates and tutors in a wide area of computer science and technology, as well as researchers looking to adapt various algorithms for particular data mining tasks. A valuable addition to libraries and bookshelves of the many companies who are using the principles of data mining to effectively deliver solid business and industry solutions.

## Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining

- Author : Dinh Phung,Vincent S. Tseng,Geoffrey I. Webb,Bao Ho,Mohadeseh Ganji,Lida Rashidi
- Publisher :
- Release Date :2018-06-18
- Total pages :701
- ISBN : 3319930346

**Summary :** This three-volume set, LNAI 10937, 10938, and 10939, constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the 22nd Pacific-Asia Conference on Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining, PAKDD 2018, held in Melbourne, VIC, Australia, in June 2018. The 164 full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 592 submissions. The volumes present papers focusing on new ideas, original research results and practical development experiences from all KDD related areas, including data mining, data warehousing, machine learning, artificial intelligence, databases, statistics, knowledge engineering, visualization, decision-making systems and the emerging applications.